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Maryam Baharvand, Mohammad Hossein Zadeh, Seyed Jalil Sadr, Zahra Jaberi-Ansari, Faraneh Hemmati-Alamdari, Hamed Mortazavi, Siamak Sabour, Mina Motallebnejad,
Volume 8, Issue 18 (Summer 2015)
Abstract

Background: Evaluation is a systematic process of gathering, analysing and interpretation of data for assessment and judgement.This study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a workshop regarding exam development on quality of final written exams. Methods: In this semi-experimental study, written final exams of all theoretical courses# 2 were gathered before and after presenting a workshop and a booklet regarding “Standard rules of questions”. Taxonomy, content relevance, and content coverage of exams were analyzed by three lecturers of course# 2 of each department. Other indices such as difficulty and differential coefficients, value of distracter and borderline choices, error coefficient, and considering structural rules were calculated by means of Millman’s checklist, and standard formulae. Independent Samples t. Test, Mann-Whitney U Test, and ANOVA were used to analyze the data. Findings: Before intervention, content relevance and difficulty coefficient were in acceptable levels. Proportion of multiple choice questions, content relevance, and differential coefficient increased after intervention, whereas consideration of structural rules, difficulty coefficient, amount of distracters needing revision, error coefficient, amount of questions needing revision, and coverage relevance decreased. Generally, the intervention just decreased the error coefficient practically. Conclusion: A short- term course on standard rules of question development does not affect quality of exam questions considerably, and continuous education is mandatory in this regard.
Saideh Sadat Mortazavi, Atta Heidari, Zahra Mortazavi, Maryam Seyedtabib,
Volume 12, Issue 34 (8-2019)
Abstract

Background & Objective: Effective teacher-student relationship plays a fundamental role in the effective increase of the counseling process. This study aimed to recognize the factors affecting the advisor-student relationship from the perspective of students in school of rehabilitation in Hamadan, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study was performed on 117 students in the school of rehabilitation at Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. In this study, the teacher-student relationship questionnaire was applied in three individual, professional and scientific areas. Students filled the questionnaires through self-report, and data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, and analysis of variance.
Results: In this study, the mean scores related to three individual, professional, and scientific characteristics of advisors from the perspective of students were reported to be 4.07±0.4, 4.23±0.57, and 4.13±0.63, respectively. The items of sympathy with students, homogeneity of students and professors in terms of field of study, and having up-to-date knowledge in professors had the most impact on the teacher-student relationship, whereas the variables of age, gender and appearance had the least effect in this regard.
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, the character and ethical aspect of professors can affect the improvement of the teacher-student relationship, thereby increasing and enhancing the counseling process. 
 

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