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Showing 3 results for Adaptation

Abbas Ezzatshokati, Abbas Ali Nourian, Seyed Noradin Mousavi Nasab ,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (2-2009)

  Background and Objective: One way to promote education quality is to evaluate faculty activities by students, departmental heads, and the dean. The degree of correspondence between students' and departmental heads' evaluation shows how honest they are in their assessment. The current paper intends to find the truth.


  Materials and Methods : Questionnaires were used to conduct the study. It included 18 questions for the faculty, 16 for the students and 28 for the residents. The validity of the questionnaires was already established. Also, reliability of the tests was proved by retests. Opinions were rated on the liker scale. 106 (32 females and 74 males) faculty members, 25 departmental heads and qzl out of lloo students filled out the questionnaires. Spss software was used to analyze the data.


  Result: In 61% of cases, correspondence was found between students' and departmental heads' evaluation of the faculty. As departmental heads' expectations differ from those of the students, lack of total correspondence is not unusual. However, in final analysis, 61% correspondence is optimal and acceptable.


  Conclusion: It seems that holding workshops, providing material and spiritual support, reducing work load, granting sabbatical leave, and reducing conflict of interest between departmental heads and the faculty can increase the degree of correspondence of evaluation. Also, using maximal adjustment correspondence technique can make the results more accurate.

Saeideh Daryazadeh, Ahmad Jafari, Jalil Kuhpayehzadeh, Jila Shajari, Mehdi Hashemzadeh,
Volume 6, Issue 10 (7-2013)

Background and Objective: The main aim in medical education is teaching students to carry out certain duties in future. The Restorative Dentistry is a very important dental practice in our country. The aim of this study was to determine General Dentistry restorative curriculum's adaptation to restorative dentistry service needs in community. Materials and Methods: In this quantitative cross-sectional study consisting of two phases, data was gathered by two valid and reliable checklists. In first phase, the restorative dental ‎services of ‎‏1027‏ patients in a dental clinic sampled over a period of three months were analyzed by statistical software SPSS‏17. ‏‎and the results were reported. In the second phase, we provided a list of syllabuses and restorative lessons with summarized results of the first phase to Tehran and Shahed University restorative faculty members and asked them to express their views about General Dentistry ‎restorative curriculum's adaptation to the analyzed needs in last phase and results were reported. Results: In first phase, 2362 cases of the restorative service were considered. The results showed ‎that all the syllabuses of restorative curriculum met the restorative needs of the patients. But the amount of time allocated to teaching “theoretical cardiology” and “practical restorative dentistry3” did not meet the students' needs. Conclusion: Restorative lessons syllabus was suitable but time was not sufficient. So the amount of time of teaching should be added to fix the deficiency, so that the quality of education can be promoted. For this purpose using new methods of education via educational package, films and modules may be useful.
Seyed Davood Mohammadi, Zahra Moslemi, Mahin Ghomi,
Volume 12, Issue 35 (12-2019)

Background & Objective: Hope can maximize the satisfaction and mental wellbeing of students and result in their physical and mental health and adaptation. This study aimed to determine the relationship between hope components with academic status, motivation and burnout in students of Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This correlational, descriptive study was conducted on 261 students in 2017, who were selected by random relative cluster sampling based on gender. Data were collected using the hope components questionnaire by Snyder et al., academic burnout scale by Berso et al., and academic motivation scale by Vallerand et al. In addition, data analysis was performed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, independent t-test and stepwise multiple regression.
Results: In this study, there was a negative, significant relationship between the total score of hope components and their subscales with academic burnout. On the other hand, a positive, significant association was observed between the mean total score of hope components and their dimensions with academic motivation. However, no significant relationship was found between the mean total score of hope components and their dimensions with academic status. Moreover, the regression results indicated that academic burnout was able to predict hope components in a negative, significant manner.
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, hopeful students have more academic motivation and lower vulnerability to academic burnout. Therefore, it is suggested that the hope level of students be increased by university authorities and professors in order to improve and decrease their academic motivation and burnout, respectively.

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