Search published articles

Showing 11 results for Self-Efficacy

M Pazokian, A Ezadi,
Volume 5, Issue 9 (1-2013)

Background and Objective: Promoting clinical education quality requires continuous assessment of the current situations in clinical education fields, identifying the strengths, and improving the weaknesses. The aim of this study was to consider self-efficacy and its role at Ghazvin Nursing and Midwifery School from the viewpoints of its faculty members. Materials and Methods: This study which is a description of current situation in clinical education fields was carried out during the second semester of 2010 academic year. The study population included clinical education teachers of school of nursing who were selected by census sampling. The data gathering tool was a questionnaire consisting of two parts: clinical teachers' demographic data and self- efficacy and role playing questionnaires. Results: Controlling students' unacceptable behavior in the class was the strongest aspect of nurses' role in clinical education (score=51). Helping students' families was the weakest aspect (score=34). Nurses' role-playing was rated low in terms of inappropriate environment for work and authorities' lack of knowledge (score=47). Conclusion: Although some aspects of clinical education were acceptable, enhancing positive aspects and modifying the weaknesses may be an effective step in promoting clinical education quality with regard to self - efficacy and role playing promotion. Key words: Clinical education, self- efficacy, Role playing, nursing students.
Mohsen Saffari, Hormoz Sanaeinasab, Hojat Rashidi Jahan, Gholamhossein Purtaghi, Amir Pakpour,
Volume 7, Issue 13 (4-2014)

Background and Objective: There are different personality variables such as happiness and self-efficacy that can influence on academic achievement of students. The aim of the study was to investigate relationships among these variables, academic achievement, and some demographics. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study performed on 180 students from Baqiyatallah university of Medical Sciences. The sample was selected using systematic random sampling method.A demographic questionnaire along with Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI) and General Self-efficacy Scale (GSE) were used to collect data from students. Academic achievement was determined by the mean of grade point averages from two last semesters. Analyses were performed using student t-test, one way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation tests. All statistical analyses were executed by SPSS for windows version 20. Results: The mean standard score of happiness was 4.36 (SD=0.58) and the mean total score of self-efficacy was 61.60 (SD=9.09). The mean of grade point averages of two last semesters was 15.41 (SD=1.81). Factors such as marital status, age, academic grades and disciplines as well as academic achievement were related to happiness significantly. Similarly, marital status, age, academic grade and academic achievement were also related to self-efficacy. In addition, positive correlations were found between the main variables of the study, i.e. happiness, self-efficacy and academic achievement. Conclusion: Happiness and self-efficacy were related to various demographic and academic factors. Identifying and modifying these factors can lead to improvement of mental function and health among medical sciences students. Therefore, doing more studies to better understand such factors toward enhancement of education is suggested.
Abbas Sabet Maharlouei, Mohammad Hasan Seyf, Ahmad Rastegar, Khadija Ahmad Abadi,
Volume 7, Issue 15 (9-2014)

Background and Objective: In today's society, entrepreneurial intentions could be a valuable strategy for creating employment and entrepreneurial thinking in higher education and a parallel improvement in the employment crisis has, the present research aimed at investigating the factors affected on the academic entrepreneurial intention among students of Shiraz Medical Sciences University. Materials and Methods: This paper is a descriptive-correlational on based applied goal and the method of data collection and analysis. Statistical group present research included all students of faculty management and information of Shiraz Medical Sciences University. The sample size was determined using Cochran formula, 170 students have been using stratified random sampling.Field method and combination of close questionnaire were used to collect data and Likert five-alteration scale was applied to measure all parts of model. Results: Data were analyzed using path analysis, a total of 9 different variables included five predictor variables (subjective norms, social norms, entrepreneurial experience, entrepreneurial self-efficacy tend to be risk-taking) and three intermediate variables (perceived desirability been possible perception, attitude) was proposed and evaluated the impact of each dance entrepreneurial. Conclusion: The results indicated that subjective norms, social norms, entrepreneurial self efficacy, entrepreneurial experience and propensity risk taking have significant effects on entrepreneurial intention indirectly through perceived desirability, perceived feasibility and attitude toward entrepreneurship variables.
Mohammad Azimi, Mosa Piri,
Volume 7, Issue 16 (12-2014)

Background and objectives: One of the variables that can influence improve education and teaching self-efficacy and thereby, it improves nurtured learning and thinking of students, is faculty orientation purposes. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between the components of goal orientation with learning practices and self-efficacy of professors of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: This study is cross-sectional and correlational. This study by cluster sampling step of 466 professors Drdanshkdh of Medical Sciences (109 males and 102 females) were selected. It consists of three scales measuring tools for measuring objective Nych et al (2011) and teaching self-Ohio by Tashann - Moran and Hoy (2001) made the face to determine the reliability of the scale, Cronbach's alpha was used. Data using descriptive and inferential statistical methods (Pearson correlation, stepwise regression, MANOVA and t-tests) were analyzed. Results: Results indicate that mastery goal orientation and performance -oriented and self-efficacy mastery of the instructional practices teachers are positive and significant relationship . Also , for the purpose of escaping and avoiding performance work practices are positively and significantly (P ≤ 0/01).functions are education (P ≤ 0/01). Other findings of this study showed that mastery goal orientation and performance-oriented instructional practices are important predictors of Mastery learning performance and self-efficacy of professors and also, performance goal orientation avoidance is important predictors of performance styles component from educational performance scale. (P ≤ 0/01). Conclusion : Components of goal orientation has significant and positive relationship with learning performance and self-efficacy teaching of instructors, and also The mastery goal orientation and performance-oriented are important predictors of self-mastery and self-efficacy teaching as well as performance goal orientation avoidance is important predictors of performance styles component from educational performance scale.
Saeed Moshtaghi, Mohammad Afzalzadeh,
Volume 9, Issue 23 (9-2016)

Background and Objective: The aim of present study was to examine the applicability of Russell and Petrie theory in prediction of academic achievement by college learning effectiveness inventory (CLEI).

Materials and Methods: This correlational study was performed at Dezful University of Medical Sciences, on 245 students (136 men and 109 women), who were selected by random sampling method. Data was collected using the third version of CLEI. The mean scores of students were used as an index for academic achievement. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple regression using SPSS 18 software.

Results: The results indicated that six factors of college learning effectiveness correlated positively with students' academic achievement. In addition, the factors assessed, according to the study of academic self-efficacy and organization and attention to study factors were strongest predictors of academic achievement.

Conclusion: Findings of the study emphasized the importance of investigating different factors based on Russell and Petrie model, and their influence on academic variables.

A Eftekhari, Gr Jamali,
Volume 9, Issue 24 (1-2017)

Background and Objective: Understanding the factors that create job satisfaction can increase it and motivate faculty to engage in research. This study aims to research into these factors.

Materials and Methods:214 faculty members working at SUMS were selected randomly. Data was collected and analyzed.

Results:  A meaningful relationship between the predictor variables (management support, subjective norm and job security) and job satisfaction was found. The mediator (self efficacy) also showed a significant correlation with the criterion variable (job satisfaction). The results showed that the predictive path analysis (management support, subjective norm and job security) and significant indirect effect through the mediator (self efficacy) with job satisfaction.

Conclusion: Too many variables affect job satisfaction of faculty members, some of which were examined. The results of the analysis show that occupational safety and efficacy to the most effective use of the criterion variable of job satisfaction are significant.

A Sabet, S Razeghi, A Fili,
Volume 10, Issue 25 (6-2017)

Background and Objective: The   E-learning has created the necessary ability for students to learn through the information technology and facilitate their learning process. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of psychological variables on the inclination to E-learning among the students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

Materials and Methods: The current study has   a functional purpose, and from the perspective of data collection and gathering the information is in   correlation descriptive kind. The population of the study includes 4780 students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The sample s  size was determined based on a sample of 355 people .The tools of  collecting  data is  compilation of five  standard questionnaires related to psychological variables of this study. The scoring stage was performed using the Likert 5-point scale. The data were  analyzed  using a  software named (lisrel8.5).

Results: The results indicate a significant positive relationship between subjective norms and self-efficacy computer based variables to learn attitudes, perceived usefulness and e-learning among the students.The research results also showed that the  intermediate variables of the research has a  direct and significant effect on the criterion variable (E-learning) .

Conclusion: According to the results that indicate the perceived usefulness of e-learning is most effective University administrators are recommended to adopt appropriate methods to explain  the benefits of using e-learning for students as well as efforts to  improve their capabilities in this area.

Esmail Jafari, Abasalt Khorasani, Hamid Abdi,
Volume 10, Issue 26 (9-2017)

Background and Objective: Classroom management is key factor in achieving to effective teaching-learning process. There are several factors involved in the management of the classroom by faculty members. The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural model of competence, self-efficacy related to classroom management, and classroom management attitudes in the faculty members of Isfahan University of Medical Science  at 2013- 2014 academic years.
Materials and Methods: This research was descriptive-correlational and the subjects consisted of 92 faculty members. Instruments  were Perceived Self-Efficacy in Classroom Management scale (Emmer and Hickman ,1991), Teacher Competency Scale (Seker et al, 2004), and the Attitudes and Beliefs on Classroom Control (ABCC) Inventory (Martin et al., 1998) that distributed among faculty members through proportional stratified sampling. Data were analyzed by correlation, regression analysis and structural equation modeling using SPSS 22 and Amos 22 software.
Results: Results showed a significant correlation between competence, self-efficacy of classroom management, the attitudes and beliefs on classroom control, and demographic factors (teaching experience and degree) with together (p<0/01). The finding of analysis of regression also showed competency scale can predict attitudes and beliefs on classroom control (P<0.01). Moreover based on structural model, the predicted rate of classroom management attitude through competency was 0.56 (Gamma =0.56).
Conclusion: Faculty members of the university can improve and strengthen the management and administration of their classroom by developing their competence in teaching and improving their managerial self-efficacy.

Ehsan Fakour , Zinolabedin Safavi , Bahram Rostami, Soghrt Faghihzade, Fazollah Ayatollahi, Kazem Sarabi,
Volume 10, Issue 26 (9-2017)

Background and Objective: Considering the general health and self-efficacy of the students and the factors that increase or decrease these variables are important goals of the university system. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the relationship between external religious orientation and general health and self-efficacy in students of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences.
Materials and Methods: This study was a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population of the study was all students of undergraduate and postgraduate students in Zanjan University of Medical Sciences in the academic year of 2015-2016. Using Cochran method, 350 people were selected by stratified random sampling. Data were collected using George's external religious orientation questionnaire, General Scherer Self-efficacy and Goldberg General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and multivariate regression.
Results: The results of Pearson correlation test showed that there is not a significant relationship between the external religious orientation variable and general health (P <0.05). Also, between external religious orientation and self-efficacy variables (r = -0.152, P = 0.038), depression (r = 0.198, P = 0.002) and social function component (r=-0.1171, P = 0.028), there was a significant relationship. Also, the results of multiple regression showed that external religious orientation is only a significant predictor of social function component, which can explain 18.8% of social function variance.
Conclusion: External religious orientation affects students' depression, self-efficacy and social function.
Bahram Rostami, Ehsan Fakour, Hossein Naderi, Mohammad Mosoud Vakili, Jahangir Mohammadi ,
Volume 10, Issue 27 (12-2017)

Background and Objective: Recognition of factors related to tendency toward substance abuse in students can have a significant effect on preventing their tendency to addiction. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the relationship between self-efficacy and tendency toward substance abuse in students of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive-correlational research was conducted on all MSc and PhD students (a total of 1759 individuals) of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences in the academic year of 2015-2016. Sample size was estimated at 315 using Cochran method, and subjects were entered into the study through random sampling. Data collection tools included Sherer’s general self-efficacy, and addiction potential (APS) and acceptance (AAS) scales. From 315 distributed questionnaires, 284 completed surveys were assessed. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression.
Results: In this research, a significant relationship was observed between self-efficacy and addiction potential (r=-0.281, P=0.001) and acceptance (r=-0.316, P=0.001). According to the results of multiple linear regression, self-efficacy can effectively predict addiction potential and acceptance, in a way that 28% and 30% of variance of addiction potential and acceptance were determined by this variable, respectively. 
Conclusion: According to the results of the research, self-efficacy is one of the predictive factors for addiction potential and acceptance in students.
Parisa Parsa, Mitra Dogonchi, Elham Gheysvandi, Bita Parsa,
Volume 12, Issue 34 (8-2019)

Background & Aim: This study aimed to determine the attitude of faculty members and PhD students at Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran toward the field of study and career development in 2017-2018.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 133 faculty members and PhD students selected by relative-stratified sampling. Using demographic characteristics questionnaires, we assessed the self-efficacy, attitude to coaching function, the field of study and career development. In addition, data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16.
Results: In this study, most professors and students had a favorable attitude to the field of study. On the other hand, students had an unfavorable attitude toward career development. Moreover, a positive attitude toward career development was related to the permanent employment status of individuals (P<0.05). In addition, a significant relationship was observed between students’ attitude toward field of study, coaching function, self-efficacy and career development (P<0.05). Furthermore, there was a significant, positive correlation between students’ self-efficacy and their attitude toward field of study and career development (P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, the performance of professors affected the attitude of students toward field of study and career development. Using educational, research, administrative and cultural indicators, professors can become role models for students and improve their attitude toward field of study and career development.

Page 1 from 1     

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Medical Education Development

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb