Volume 2, Issue 3 (6-2017)                   J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot 2017, 2(3): 186-192 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rakhshani T, Kashfi M, Ebrahimi M R, Taravatmanesh S, Rasheki M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of the Households about Prevention of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Iran, Shiraz at 2016. J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot. 2017; 2 (3) :186-192
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-100-en.html
1- Basic Sciences in Infectious Diseases Research Center, Department of Public Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
2- Research Center for Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran.
3- Department of Emergency Medicine, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
4- Health Promotion Research Center, Department of Public Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
5- Department of Public Health , Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (2884 Views)
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of knowledge, attitude and practice of the households on the prevention and control Cutaneous Leishmaniasis.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional, analytical. The population consisted of the residents in the south of Shiraz. The sample size was 300 and they were selected randomly. For analyzed using the descriptive indices as well as in-depended T-test, chi-square test and ANOVA. The SPSS software 16 was used for analysis.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 36.1±13.6. The mean and standard deviation scores of knowledge, attitude and practice were 16.85 ±3.5, 34.38 ±6.43 and 5.6 ±1.9, respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient showed that the mean awareness (r = 0.13, P-value = 0.02) was more correlated with the mean practice compared to the mean attitude (r = 0.17, P-value = 0.00). However, both variables of knowledge and attitude had a significant relationship with practice (p-value = 0.00).
Conclusion: Generally, the results of our study showed that the scores of knowledge and practice were lower than the mean score, and the attitude score was better than the two other scores.
Full-Text [PDF 383 kb]   (690 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2017/03/7 | Accepted: 2017/04/24 | Published: 2017/06/20

1. Singh SP, Reddy DCS, Mishra RN, Sundar S. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices Related to Kala-Azarin a Rural Area of Bihar State, India. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006; 73(5): 505-8.
2. Kazemi B, Bahrami A, Mousavi GA, Ramezani Y, Fereydooni M, Parsa N, et al. Epidemiological Study of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Aran and Bidgol from April to September 2009. Feyz, Kashan Univ Med Sci Health Serv. 1390; 15(3): 254-8.
3. Rahaei Z, Heshmati H, Hazavehei MM, Hasanzadeh A. Relationship between Educational Practice of Volunteer Health Workers and Preventive Behavior of Household Sunder their Coverage Regarding Cutaneous Leishmaniasis based on the Basef model in Yazd City, Iran. Sci J Sch Public Health Institute Public Health Res. 2011; 9(1): 77-85. [In Persian].
4. Noorpisheh S, Naghizadeh MM, Nikrouz L. A Study on the Life Quality of Patients Suffering from Leishmaniasis. JFUMS. 2013; 3 (2): 155-62.
5. Ahmadi N, Ghafarzadeh M, Jalali Galosang A, Hjolami Parizad E. An Epidemiological Study of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis with Emphasis on Incidence Rate in Kashan, Isfahan Province. J Ilam Univ Med Sci. 2013; 21 (2): 1-9.
6. Asilian A, SadeghiNi A, Joeme SM, Fazlullah S. Effect of Permethrin Clothing Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Disease Prevention Clinical Trial is a Randomized, Double-Blind. J Diesese Skin. 2002; 6(2): 25-9.
7. Ahmadi NA, Ghafarzadeh M, Jalali Galoosang A. En Epidemiological Study of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis with Emphasis on Incidence Rate in Kashan, Isfahan Province. Scientific J Ilam Univ Med Sci. 2012; 22(2): 934-26.
8. Haghpanah B, Javadi A, Shadzi S, Solomon B, Yadollahi MS. Performance Training to Volunteers in Promoting Women's Awareness about the Prevention of Leishmaniasis. Res Med Sci. 1996; 5(4): 294-8.
9. Alvar J, Velez IND, Bern C, Herrero M, Desjeux P, Cano J, et al. Leishmaniasis Worldwide and Global Estimates of Its Incidence. PLoS One. 2012; 7(7): e35671. [Crossref]
10. Nejati J, Mojadam M, Hanafi Bojd AA, Keyhani A, Habibi Nodeh F. An Epidemiological Study of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Andimeshk (2005-2010). J Ilam Univ Med Sci. 2014; 21 (7): 94-101.
11. Abazid N, Jones C, Davies CR. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices about Leishmaniasis among Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Patients in Aleppo, Syrian Arab Republic. East Mediterr Health J. 2012; 18(1): 7. [Crossref]
12. Sarkari B, Qasem A, Shafaf MR. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices Related to Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in an Endemic Focus of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Southern Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2014; 4(7): 566-9 [Crossref]
13. López-Perea N, Sordo L, Gadisa E, Cruz I, Hailu T, Moreno J, et al. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Related to Visceral Leishmaniasis in Rural Communities of Amhara State: A Longitudinal Study in Northwest Ethiopia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014; 8(4): e2799. [Crossref]
14. Koirala S, Parija SC, Karki P, Das ML. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices about Kala-Azar and its Sandfly Vector in Rural Communities of Nepal. Bull World Health Org. 1998; 76(5): 485.
15. Alemu A, Esmael N, Dessie Y, Hamdu K, Mathewos B, Birhan W. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Related to Visceral Leishmaniasis among Residents in Addis Zemen Town, South Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13(1): 382. [Crossref]
16. Niknami S. Basnef Assessment Model to Determine Factors in the Prevention and Control Ofkala-Azar Disease and Providing a Appropriate Model. PhD Thesis. Tehran: Tarbiate Modares; 1994. [In Persian].
17. Ruoti M, Oddone R, Lampert N, Orue E, Miles MA, Alexander N, et al. Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices among Paraguayan Communities, Patients, and Health Professionals. J Trop Med. 2013; 2013: 538629. [Crossref]
18. Al-Jawabreh A, Barghuthy F, Schnur LF, Jacobson RL, Schonian G, Abdeen Z. Epidemiology of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Theendemic Area of Jericho, Palestine. East Mediterr Health J. 2003; 9: 805-15.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Human Environment and Health Promotion

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb