Volume 2, Issue 3 (6-2017)                   J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot 2017, 2(3): 138-146 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Eslami A, Ghafari M, Sohbatloo V, Fanaei F. Safety Assessment of Zanjan Drinking Water System Using Water Safety Plan. J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot. 2017; 2 (3) :138-146
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-106-en.html
1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1655 Views)
Background: The best way to assure the quality of drinking water is implementing a comprehensive and integrated management system with cooperation of all the related organizations Therefore, the purpose of this study is the assessment of safety in drinking water supply system of Zanjan.
Methods: This investigation was performed by WSP-QA Tool software and WHO and IWA manual of water safety plan on water supply of Zanjan city in 2016. For this purpose, software checklist (containing 85 questions) were provided and completed according to the history of Zanjan Water and Wastewater Company and interviewing the experts of this company.
Results: Data indicated that from all phases investigated, 52.95% was adjusted with WSP. System Description with the highest score, showed highest percentage of adjustment with the water safety plan (100%) and the phase related to verification and control with the lowest score, showed lowest percentage of adjustment with the water safety plan.
Conclusion: Meanwhile, water distribution system is provided with a relatively average safety level and there is the potential of various pollutions caused by identified risks in water distribution system, therefore changing the present approach is suggested.

 
Full-Text [PDF 451 kb]   (402 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2017/04/22 | Accepted: 2017/05/30 | Published: 2017/06/20

References
1. Swartz CD, Petersoon TJR, Lindhe A. Risk Assessment and Risk Management Water Supply Systems: State- of- the- Art and Case Studies in Southern Africa. 2010.
2. Banjad H, Pirtaj hamedani R, Daneshi N. Strategy Risk Analysis and Critical Control Points of Drinking Water Safety Plan Management. Proceedings of the National Symposium Sustainable Dev Patterns in Water Manag. 2009: 625-639. [In Persian].
3. Manshouri M, Shaghaghi Gh. Water Safety Plan Manual Step-by-step Risk Management for Drinking-Water Suppliers. Tehran: Ministry of Health, Treat and Med Training; 2009. [In Persian].
4. Kazemian N. Implementation of Water Safety Program in Water Supply Systems. Tabriz: Sotodeh; 2013: 1-94. [In Persian].
5. WHO and IWA: Water Safety Plan Quality Assurance Tool (user manual); 2010. Available from: URL: https:// www.who.int.
6. Mosaferi M, Rastgoo S. Water Safety Plan: Importance and Effect on Health, Proceedings of the Sixteenth National Conference on Environmental Health. Tabriz Univ Med Sci, Tabriz, Iran. 2013. Available from: URL: https://www.civilica.com/Paper-NCEH16_229. [In Persian].
7. Yazdanbakhsh A, Manshoori M, Fallahzade RA. Risk Assessment for the Control of Critical Points in the Supply of Water from Catchment to Consumer. Proceedings of the 2 th National Conference on Water and Wastewater, Tehran, Iran. 2008. [In Persian].
8. Aghaei M. Assessment of Safety in Drinking Water Supply System of Ardabil City By Using World Health Organization’s Water Safety Plan, Based On Risk Management Approach [Dissertation]. Health Faculty: Tehran Univ Med Sci; 2014. [In Persian].
9. Fanaee F. Assessment of Safety in Drinking Water Supply System of Birjand City Using World Health Organization’s Water Safety Plan, Based on Risk Management Approach. Tehran, Iran: Shahid Beheshti Uni Med Sci School of Public Health; 2015.
10. Ezenwaji EE, Phil-Eze PO. Water Safety Plan as a Tool for Improved Quality of Municipal Drinking Water in Nigeria. J Environ Prot. 2014; 5(11): 997-1002. [Crossref]
11. PAHO, EPA, CDC. Water Safety Plan [f1] Spanish Town Water Supply St. Catherine, Jamaica. Environ Eng Manag Ltd. 2007.
12. SOPAC: An Economic Assessment of Drinking Water Safety Planning Koror-Airai, Palau; 2010.
13. The Geographical location of Zanjan. Available from: URL: https:// www.TCZ.ir.
14. Abdi P. Editor Zanjan Lead and Zinc Study of environmental pollution plant (Study of Groundwater Resources). National Conference of Operation on Water and Sanitation Sector; Tehran: Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center of Zanjan. 2008.
15. Zanjan Regional. Available from: URL: https:// www. raziclimate.ir.
16. Studies of Water and Wastewater Company of Zanjan. Department Reported Operating Water and Wastewater Company of Zanjan. 2016. Available from: URL: http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4056548. [In Persian].
17. Gholami M, Boodaghi S, Babaloo E. Assessment of Water Safety Plan in Khoy City Based on Step by Step Risk Management New Approach. 14th National Conference on Environ Health, Iran, Yazd. 2011. [In Persian].

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Human, Environment and Health Promotion

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb