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Mehri M, Khazaee-Pool M, Arghami S. The Role of Economy in Taxi Drivers’ Safety: A Qualitative Study. J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot.. 2018; 3 (2)
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-151-en.html
1- Department of Health, Safety and Environment Management, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
2- Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
3- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Abstract:   (25 Views)
Background: Economic stresses are important factors contributing to accidents. Drivers who do not have enough income to support their families may be able to prolong their working hours to increase their income or engage in dangerous driving behaviors, which may end in road traffic accidents. Despite the importance of economic factors in the safety of taxi drivers, a few literatures have referred to this factor.
Methods: Two themes interlacing the impact of taxi drivers’ economic stresses on their safety were identified. The themes referred to taxi drivers’ occupational expenses and livelihood concerns. Each of the themes were consisted of two categories, namely competition for passenger, taxi-keeping expenses and stability, adequacy of income, and undesirable household economic conditions, respectively.
Results: Two themes interlacing the impact of taxi drivers’ economic stresses on their safety were identified. The themes referred to taxi drivers’ occupational expenses and livelihood concerns. Each of the themes were consisted of two categories, namely competition for passenger, taxi-keeping expenses and stability, adequacy of income, and undesirable household economic conditions, respectively.
Conclusion: This study showed the significant impact of economic stresses on the safety of taxi drivers as participants repeatedly reported unsafe driving behaviors in order to increase income. They also stated that issues such as unemployment and inflation caused many people to enter this occupation which led to dangerous competition over passengers and subsequent aberrant driving behaviors. Targeted interventions are needed to reduce these financial burdens on taxi drivers.


 
     
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/05/7 | Accepted: 2018/06/11

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