Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2018)                   J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot 2018, 4(3): 106-110 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moghanloo E, Khorshidi A, Badameh P, Ghadirian Abarghuei A, Valipour M, Akbari H. Prevalence of Shigella and Other Pathogenic Gram-negative Bacteria in the Patients with Diarrhea in Kashan City, Iran During 2015-2017 . J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot. 2018; 4 (3) :106-110
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-164-en.html
1- Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
2- Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Science and Biology, Varamin Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University Varamin, Iran.
3- Medical Student of Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
4- Department of Biostatistics and Public Health, School of Public Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
Abstract:   (310 Views)
Background: Diarrhea is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. Enteric gram-negative bacteria, especially Shigella, Salmonella, Escherichia, and Campylobacter plays a key role in the occurrence of diarrhea. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence and importance of four bacterial genera in the incidence of diarrhea in Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Kashan, Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 528 diarrheal stool samples during March 2015-February 2017. The samples were collected for the isolation of the bacterial agents to appropriate selective and differential culture media. Laboratory diagnosis was performed using proper bacteriological and serological tests.
Results: Among 528 stool samples, 38.6% of the specimens belonged to women, and 61.4% belonged to men. In total, 233 specimens (44.1%) were positive for the mentioned bacteria. In 98 (18.5%) and 15 cases (2.8%), Shigella spp. and Campylobacter spp. had the highest and lowest frequency, respectively.
Conclusion: Shigellosis has been reported to be more prevalent in developing and industrialized countries. Our findings and similar studies in this regard have denoted the epidemiological patterns of shigellosis in some regions in Iran toward the epidemiological pattern of the disease in industrialized countries.
Full-Text [PDF 736 kb]   (121 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2018/08/11 | Accepted: 2018/09/8 | Published: 2018/09/21

1. Samie A, Guerrant RL, Barrett L, Bessong PO, Igumbor EO, Obi CL. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic and Bacterial Pathogens in Diarrhoeal and Non-diarroeal Human Stools from Vhembe District, South Africa. J Health Popul Nutr. 2009; 27(6):739-45.
2. Cunningham SA, Sloan LM, Nyre LM, Vetter EA, Mandrekar J, Patel R. Three-Hour Molecular Detection of Campylobacter, Salmonella, Yersinia, and Shigella Species in Feces with Accuracy as High as That of Culture. J Clin Microbiol. 2010; 48(8): 2929-33. [Crossref]
3. Sur D, Ramamurthy T, Deen J, Bhattacharya S. Shigellosis: Challenges & Management Issues. Indian J Med Res. 2004; 120(5):45-54.
4. Coker AO, Isokpehi RD, Thomas BN, Amisu KO, Obi CL. Human Campylobacteriosis in Developing Countries1. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002; 8(3): 237. [Crossref]
5. Yang JR, Wu HS, Chiang CS, Mu JJ. Pediatric Campylobacteriosis in Northern Taiwan from 2003 to 2005. BMC Infect Dis. 2008; 8(1): 15-21. [Crossref]
6. Ammari S, Laglaoui A, En-nanei L, Bertrand S, Wildemauwe C, Barrijal S, et al. Isolation, drug Resistance and Molecular Characterization of Salmonella Isolates in Northern Morocco. J Infect DevCtries. 2009; 3(01): 41-9.
7. Castro-Rosas J, Cerna-Cortés JF, Méndez-Reyes E, Lopez-Hernandez D, Gómez-Aldapa CA, Estrada-Garcia T. Presence of Faecal Coliforms, Escherichia coli and diarrheagenic E. coli Pathotypes in Ready-to-eat Salads, from an Area Where Crops are Irrigated with Untreated Sewage Water. Int J Food Microbiol. 2012; 156(2): 176-80. [Crossref]
8. Hassanzadeh P, Motamedifar M. Occurrence of Campylobacter Jejuni in Shiraz, Southwest Iran. Med Princ Pract. 2007; 16(1): 59-62. [Crossref]
9. Jafari A, Aslani M, Bouzari S. Escherichia coli: a Brief Review of Diarrheagenic Pathotypes and Their role in Diarrheal Diseases in Iran. Iran J Microbiol. 2012; 4(3): 10-22.
10. Dallal MMS, Doyle MP, Rezadehbashi M, Dabiri H, Sanaei M, Modarresi S, et al. Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Salmonella Serotypes, Campylobacter and Yersinia spp. Isolated from Retail Chicken and Beef, Tehran, Iran. Food Control. 2010; 21(4): 388-92. [Crossref]
11. Farshad S, Sheikhi R, Japoni A, Basiri E, Alborzi A. Characterization of Shigella Strains in Iran by Plasmid Profile Analysis and PCR Amplification of ipa Genes. J Clin Microbiol. 2006; 44(8): 2879-83. [Crossref]
12. Nojoomi F, Ghasemian A. Effect of Overgrowth or Decrease in Gut Microbiota on Health and Disease. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016; 4(2): 36- 43. [Crossref]
13. Salary M. Enteropathogenic Bacteria Isolated from Specimens of Patients with Diarrhea. Tehran Univ Med J. 1997; 55(6): 22-9.
14. Fletcher SM, McLaws ML, Ellis JT. Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Pathogens in Developed and Developing Countries: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Public Health Res. 2013; 2(1): 42. [Crossref]
15. Hosseini MJ, Kaffashian AR. An Outbreak of Shigellosis due to Shigella Flexneri Serotype 3a in a Prison in Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2010; 13(5): 413.
16. Pourakbari B, Mamishi S, Mashoori N, Mahboobi N, Ashtiani MH, Afsharpaiman S, et al. Frequency and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Shigella Species Isolated in Children Medical Center Hospital, Tehran, Iran, 2001-2006. Braz J Infect Dis. 2010; 14(2): 153-7. [Crossref]
17. Ranjbar R, Dallal MMS, Talebi M, Pourshafie MR. Increased Isolation and Characterization of Shigella Sonnei Obtained from Hospitalized Children in Tehran, Iran. J Health Popul Nutr. 2008; 26(4): 426.
18. Salmanzadeh-Ahrabi S, Habibi E, Jaafari F, Zali MR. Molecular Epidemiology of Escherichia coli Diarrhoea in Children in Tehran. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2005; 25(1): 35-9. [Crossref]
19. Gupta A, Polyak CS, Bishop RD, Sobel J, Mintz ED. Laboratory-Confirmed Shigellosis in the United States, 1989–2002: Epidemiologic Trends and Patterns. Clin Infect Dis. 2004; 38(10): 1372-7. [Crossref]
20. Nasrolahi M, Sharif M. Prevalence of Diarrhea Caused by Enteropahogenic E. Coli in under one Year Old Children. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2000.; 21(8): 27-34.
21. Khalili M, Sharifi M. Study of the Prevalence of Causative Bacteria&Protozoal Agents of in Stool Samples of 470 Gastroenteritis Patients Referring to the Nikoopour Clinic in Yazd, Iran. SSU J. 2004; 12(1): 35-43.
22. Feizabadi MM, Dolatabadi S, Zali MR. Isolation and Drug-Resistant Patterns of Campylobacter Strains Cultured from Diarrheic Children in Tehran. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2007; 60(4): 217.
23. Zhao C, Ge B, De Villena J, Sudler R, Yeh E, Zhao S, et al. Prevalence of Campylobacter spp., Escherichia coli, and Salmonella Serovars in Retail Chicken, Turkey, Pork, and Beef from the Greater Washington, DC, area. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2001; 67(12): 5431-6. [Crossref]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Human, Environment and Health Promotion

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb