Volume 5, Issue 3 (9-2019)                   J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot 2019, 5(3): 137-144 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Taghilou S, Peyda M, Khosravi Y, Mehrasbi M R. Site Selection for Wastewater Treatment Plants in Rural Areas Using the Analytical Hierarchy Process and Geographical Information System. J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot. 2019; 5 (3) :137-144
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-234-en.html
1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
2- Department of Environmental Science, School of Science, University of Zanjan, Iran.
Abstract:   (213 Views)
Background: Population growth and industrial and agricultural activities have increased the consumption of water, leading to clean water scarcity. Wastewater treatment is an important concern as determining proper sites for wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) largely influences proper operation. The present study aimed to determine an optimized site for WWTP in the rural complexes of Zanjanrood catchment in Zanjan province, Iran.
Methods: The site priority map was generated using the geographical information system (GIS) and analytical hierarchy process (AHP). Locating of the plants was based on various parameters. After map preparation, the weight of each parameter was determined using the AHP approach, and the conversion of the layers was performed using the GIS. The site priority map for each sub-catchment was determined and optimized.
Results: In the criteria pairwise comparison matrix, the distance from the city had the highest value (16%), while the distance from the oil and gas transmission pipelines had the lowest value (1%). The site was located at the lowest elevation compared to the villages in each complex.
Conclusion: According to the results, the AHP followed by the optimization method could pinpoint the optimal sites for the environmental protection of treatment plant construction in rural areas.
Full-Text [PDF 1286 kb]   (113 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Environmental Health, Sciences, and Engineering
Received: 2019/05/28 | Accepted: 2019/08/18 | Published: 2019/09/21

References
1. World Health Organization. Drinking-Water. WHO. 2015. Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/en/.
2. Fallah M, Faraj Zade M, Vaqar Fard H, Nik Kheslat A. Site Selection of Wastewater Treatment Plant Using Topsis and GIS Technique (Case Study: Qeshm Island). Sarzamin Geogr J. 2013; 10(37): 18.
3. Mansouri Z, Hafezi Moghaddas N, Dahrazma B. Wastewater Treatment Plant Site Selection Using AHP and GIS: A Case Study in Falavarjan, Esfahan. Geopersia. 2013; 3(2): 63-72.
4. Bahrani S, Ebadi T, Ehsani H, Yousefi H, Maknoon R. Modeling Landfill Site Selection by Multi-Criteria Decision Making and Fuzzy Functions in GIS, Case Study: Shabestar, Iran. Environ Earth Sci. 2016; 75(4): 1-14. [Crossref]
5. Aydi A, Abichou T, Nasr IH, Louati M, Zairi M. Assessment of Land Suitability for Olive Mill Wastewater Disposal Site Selection by Integrating Fuzzy Logic, AHP, and WLC in a GIS. Environ Monit Assess. 2016; 188(1): 1-13. [Crossref]
6. Munasinghe D, Pussella P, Gunathilaka M. Integration of GIS and AHP for Suitable Site Selection of Domestic Wastewater Treatment Plant: A Case Study of Akkaraipattu Municipal Council. Proc Int For Environ Symp. 2015; 20: 54. [Crossref]
7. Deepa K, Krishnaveni M. Suitable Site Selection of Decentralised Treatment Plants Using Multicriteria Approach in GIS. J Geogr Inf Sys. 2012; 4(3): 254. [Crossref]
8. Chehreghan A, Rajabi M, Pazoki SH. Developing a Novel Method for Optimum Site Selection Based on Fuzzy Genetic System and GIS. Int J. 2013; 3(12): 165- 74.
9. Andarani P, Budiawan W. Multicriteria Decision Analysis for Optimizing Site Selection of Electronic and Electricity Equipment Waste Dismantling and Sorting Facility (Case Study: In Indonesia, Using AHP). 2015 Int Conf Sci in Inf Technol (ICSITech). IEEE . 2015: 264-9. [Crossref]
10. ÇAKIR M, Oral M, AYDIN A. Risk Factors Dependent Optimal Hospital Site Selection by Using ant Colony Optimization Algoritm. Eng Sci. 2011; 6(1): 195-208.
11. Firouzabadi K, Rad M. Decision Support System for Refinery Site Selection. Uncertain Supply Chain Manag. 2014; 2(4): 261-70. [Crossref]
12. Ren F. Site Selection Optimization for Thermal Power Plant Based on Rough Set and Multi-Objective Programming. Adv Mater Res. 2014; 960: 1501-7. [Crossref]
13. Liu XD, Ming L, Huang LW, Sun HL. Research on Anchorage Location Selection in the Yangtze River Based on Multi-Objective Optimization. Appl Mech Mater. 2015; 738: 519. [Crossref]
14. Ghasemi A, Saghafian B, Golian S. Optimal Location of Artificial Recharge of Treated Wastewater Using Fuzzy Logic Approach. J Water Supply: Res Technol-Aqua. 2017; 66(3): 141-56. [Crossref]
15. Francisque A, Rodriguez MJ, Sadiq R, Miranda LF, Proulx F. Prioritizing Monitoring Locations in a Water Distribution Network: a Fuzzy Risk Approach. J Water Supply: Res Technol-Aqua. 2009; 58(7): 488-509. [Crossref]
16. Hosseini Moghari SM, Araghinejad S, Azarnivand A. Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process Approach in Drought Management: Case Study of Gorganrood Basin, Iran. J Water Supply: Res Technol-Aqua. 2017; 66(3): 207-18. [Crossref]
17. Sargaonkar A, Nema S, Gupta A, Sengupta A. Risk Assessment Study for Water Supply Network Using GIS. J Water Supply: Res Technol-Aqua. 2010; 59(5): 355-60. [Crossref]
18. Danner M, Hummel JM, Volz F, Van Manen JG, Wiegard B, Dintsios CM, et al. Integrating Patients' Views into Health Technology Assessment: Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) as a Method to Elicit Patient Preferences. Int J Technol Assess Health Care. 2011; 27(4): 369-75. [Crossref]
19. Şener Ş, Sener E, Karagüzel R. Solid Waste Disposal Site Selection with GIS and AHP Methodology: A Case Study in Senirkent–Uluborlu (Isparta) Basin, Turkey. Environ Monit Assess. 2011; 173(1-4): 533-54. [Crossref]
20. Bunruamkaew K, Murayam Y. Site Suitability Evaluation for Ecotourism Using GIS & AHP: A Case Study of Surat Thani Province, Thailand. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2011; 21: 269-78. [Crossref]
21. Uyan M. MSW landfill Site Selection by Combining AHP with GIS for Konya, Turkey. Environ Earth Sci. 2014; 71(4): 1629-39. [Crossref]
22. Saaty TL. The Analytic Hierarchy Process. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1980. [Crossref]
23. Kalantari M, Qezelbash S, Khosravi Y. Analysis of Type and amount of Accessing to Tourism Infrastructure Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Case Study: Soltaniyeh, Qyidar, Katalehkhor. Iran Conf Geogr Sci. 2014.
24. Zou X, Li D, Li Q, Chen S, Xu A. A Multidisciplinary GIS-based Approach for the Potential Evaluation of Land Consolidation Projects: a Model and its Application. WSEAS Int Conf Proc Math Comput Sci Eng; World Sci Eng Acad Society. 2008; 7: 551-6.
25. Chakraborty S, Banik D. Design of a Material Handling Equipment Selection Model Using Analytic Hierarchy Process. Int J Adv Manuf Technol. 2006; 28(11-12): 1237-45. [Crossref]
26. Management and Planing Organization-Ministry of Energy. Regulations of Technical Review and Approval of Municipal Wastewater Treatment Projects Publication 129-3. Manag Plan Organization Ministry Energy. 1993; 72/00/53.
27. Gomez Ruiz JA, Karanik M, Peláez JI. Estimation of Missing Judgments in AHP Pairwise Matrices Using a Neural Network-based Model. Appl Math Comput. 2010; 216(10): 2959-75. [Crossref]
28. Ministry of Energy Department of Water and Wastewater Affairs Office of Engineering and Technical Criteria for Water and Wastewater. Principles and Criteria for Design of Wastewater and Surface Water Networks (Revision of 118-3 and 163 Publications). Ministry Energy Department Water Wastewater Aff Office Eng Tech Criteria Water Wastewater. 2014; A-425.
29. Ministry of Energy. Low of Water Section Part of Law about Stream, Ghanat, Spring and Boundry Zone. Ministry Energy. [2016/9/3]. Available from: URL: http://law.moe.gov.ir.
30. Chang N, Parvathinathan G, Breeden JB. Combining GIS with Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision-Making for Landfill Siting in a Fast-Growing Urban Region. J Environ Manag. 2008; 87: 139–53. [Crossref]
31. National Geoscience Database of Iran. Low of Geographical Features Boundry. Boundry of Electric Transmission and Distribution Line. 2006 [cited 2015 2015/7/1]. Available from: URL: http://www.ngdir.ir/GeoportalInfo/PSubjectInfoDetail.asp?PID=803&index=3.
32. Shahmoradi B, Isalou AA. Site Selection for Wastewater Treatment Plant Using Integrated Fuzzy Logic and Multicriteria Decision Model: A Case Study in Kahak, Iran. J Adv Environ Health Res. 2013; 1(1); 51-61.
33. National Geoscience Database of Iran. Earthquake Fault in Weat Section of Hemmat Highway. National Geosci Database Iran. 2008 [2015/7/1]. Available from: URL: http://www.ngdir.ir/GeoportalInfo/PSubjectInfoDetail.asp?PID=1337&index=29.
34. Wang G, Qin L, Li G, Chen L. Landfill Site Selection Using Spatial Information Technologies and AHP: A Case Study in Beijing, China. J Environ Manag. 2009; 90: 2414–21. [Crossref]
35. National Geoscience Database of Iran. Low of Geographical Features Boundry. Boundry of Water Resource. 2006 [2015/7/1]. Available from: URL:http://www.ngdir.ir/GeoportalInfo/PSubjectInfoDetail.asp?PID=803&index=5.
36. Ministry of Petroleum. Safe Boundry of Petroleum Pipelines. Ministry Petroleum. 2014: 692.
37. Islamic Parliament Research Center. Low of Safety Boundry for Natural Gas Lines, Iran. Islam Parliam Res Center. 2014 [2016/9/3]. Available from: URL: http://rc.majlis.ir/fa/law/show/96646.
38. Islamic Republic News Agency. Constructure Prohibition in Agricultural Lands. Islam Parliam Res Center. 2016 [2016/8/29]. Available from: URL: http://www8.irna.ir/fa/News/81091925/.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Human, Environment and Health Promotion

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb