Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2017)                   J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot. 2017, 2(2): 69-78 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Aazami J. Long-Term (1969-2013) Changes of Water Parameters in Neka and Tajan Rivers, Mazandaran, Iran . J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot.. 2017; 2 (2) :69-78
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-97-en.html
Department of Environment Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
Abstract:   (882 Views)

Background: Iran is located in the global arid zone. With an average rainfall of less than 250 mm. 25 percent is Iran of located in hyper-dry area and 40 percent in the arid area. In 2007, the World Bank report declared the annual reduction of freshwater resources in Iran 6 times more than global standards and indicators. Since at present, in Iran most available fresh water enters the water ecosystems, their management is vitally important due to climate changes and water quality parameters.

Methods: In this study, long- term changes of some parameters including hardness, dissolved solids and EC, pH, HCO3, Ca, Na, Mg, Cl and SO4 were investigated for a period of 44 years in two key rivers (Neka and Tajan rivers) in the north of Iran.

Results: The results show that there was the same changes pattern in all parameters in both rivers. The highest level of correlation was between electrical conductivity and dissolved solids in both rivers. Also, due to the similarity of the hydrological characteristics of the rivers, the impact of area development by local people is playing a major role in the environmental health.

Conclusion: Although Iran's northern regions have high rate of precipitation, status of water quality parameters is an indicator of low levels of water quality and its pollution.

Keywords: Water, Ecosystem, Human.
Full-Text [PDF 800 kb]   (205 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/12/3 | Accepted: 2017/02/11 | Published: 2017/03/20

References
1. Hopwood B, Mellor M, O'Brien G. Sustainable Development: Mapping Different Approaches. Sustain Dev. 2005; 13(1): 38-52.
2. Fadaeenejad M, Saberian AM, Fadaee M, Radzi M, Hizam H, AbKadir M. The Present and Future of Smart Power Grid in Developing Countries. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2014; 29: 828-34.
3. Mowforth M, Munt I. Tourism and Sustainability: Development, Globalisation and New Tourism in the Third World. 4nd ed. Routledge; 4nd ed. Londan and New York; 2015.
4. Aazami J, Esmaili-Sari A, Abdoli A, Sohrabi H, Van den Brink PJ. Monitoring and Assessment of Water Health Quality in the Tajan River, Iran Using Physicochemical, Fish and Macroinvertebrates Indices. J Environ Health Sci Eng. 2015; 13(1): 29.
5. Solaimani K. GIS-Based Multi Date Flood Forecasting Using Hydraulic Model. Int J Phys Sci. 2011; 6(3): 577-82.
6. Alaedini P, Javaheripour M, Houminfar E. Enhancing Community Resilience to Floods in Iran: The Case of Post-Disaster Neka. IAU Int J Soc Sci. 2011; 1(4):15-22.
7. Aazami J, Sari AE, Abdoli A, Sohrabi H, Brink PJ. Assessment of Ecological Quality of the Tajan River in Iran Using a Multimetric Macroinvertebrate Index and Species Traits. Environ Manag. 2015; 56(1): 260-9.
8. Kalbfleisch JD, Prentice RL. The Statistical Analysis of Failure Time Data. 2nd ed. Canada: John Wiley & Sons; 2011.
9. Castañé PM, Rovedatti MG, Topalián ML, Salibián A. Spatial and Temporal Trends of Physicochemical Parameters in the Water of the Reconquista River (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Environ Monit Assess. 2006; 117(1): 135-44.
10. Singh KP, Malik A, Mohan D, Sinha S. Multivariate Statistical Techniques for the Evaluation of Spatial and Temporal Variations in Water Quality of Gomti River (India)—a Case Study. Water Res. 2004; 38(18): 3980-92.
11. Nikookar S, Moosa-Kazemi S, Oshaghi M, Vatandoost H, Yaghoobi-Ershadi M, Enayati A, et al. Biodiversity of Culicid Mosquitoes in Rural Neka Township of Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran. J Vector Borne Dis. 2015; 52(1): 63.
12. Immerzeel WW, Van Beek LP, Bierkens MF. Climate Change Will Affect the Asian Water Towers. Sci. 2010; 328(5984): 1382-5.
13. Ahmadi H, Nusrath A. Vegetation Change Detection of Neka River in Iran by Using Remote-Sensing and GIS. J Geogr Geol. 2010; 2(1): 58.
14. Bhandari NS, Nayal K. Correlation Study on Physico-Chemical Parameters and Quality Assessment of Kosi River Water, Uttarakhand. J Chem. 2008; 5(2): 342-6.
15. Bu H, Meng W, Zhang Y, Wan J. Relationships between Land Use Patterns and Water Quality in the Taizi River Basin, China. Ecol Indic. 2014; 41: 187-97.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Human, Environment and Health Promotion

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb