Volume 2, Issue 3 (6-2017)                   J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot. 2017, 2(3): 161-167 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ansari S, Rezapoor M, Hematgar M A, Ghazi A S, Varmazyar S. Musculoskeletal Disorders and its Related Risk Factors among Students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot.. 2017; 2 (3) :161-167
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-108-en.html
1- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Abstract:   (924 Views)

Background: Since students spend a lot of time in classrooms and in steady state, many of them may experience signs of musculoskeletal disorders. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and its related risk factors among students.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study was conducted among 129 students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in 2016. In order to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, Nordic questionnaire was used. The relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and risk factors was evaluated in SPSS20 software.
Results: The highest incidence of musculoskeletal discomfort (80%) was observed in the waist area. The neck (38.3%) and shoulder (35%) were the most prevalent at the next levels. Marital status, age, weight, educational level, job, exercise and stress were identified as risk factors affecting the musculoskeletal disorders in the students.
Conclusion: It is possible to reduce the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders by the necessary trainings to declare the risk factors and their modifications to the students, considering appropriate time between the classes and the use of ergonomic equipment and furniture in the classes. With these actions also can prevent from stress and consequently can increase the concentration and learning power in this group.


Full-Text [PDF 486 kb]   (113 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/04/5 | Accepted: 2017/05/22 | Published: 2017/06/20

1. Zarei F, Vafaei B, Nikpey A, Varmazyar S, Safari-Variani A. Review the Proportion of University Seats with Body Dimensions of Students at the School of Public Health of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in 1388. J Iran Occup Health. 2011; 8(3): 39-47.
2. Agha SR, Alnahhal MJ. Neural Network and Multiple Linear Regression to Predict School Children Dimensions for Ergonomic School Furniture Design. J Appl Ergon. 2012; 43(6): 979-84.
3. Dianat I, Karimi MA, Hashemi AA, Bahrampour S. Classroom Furniture and Anthropometric Characteristics of Iranian High School Students: Proposed Dimensions Based on Anthropometric Data. J Appl Ergon. 2013; 44(1): 101-8.
4. Taifa IW, Desai DA. Anthropometric Measurements for Ergonomic Design of Students’ Furniture in India. Eng Sci Tech, Int J. 2017; 20(1): 232-9.
5. Abedi M. An Evaluation of Combined Effect's of Backrest Inclination and Whole Body Vibration on Vehicle Driver's Reaction Time and Workload. MSc Thesis. 2011.
6. Holm S, Nachemson A. Variations in the Nutrition of the Canine Intervertebral Disc Induced by Motion. J Spine. 1983; 8(8): 866-74.
7. Panagiotopoulou G, Christoulas K, Papanckolaou A, Mandroukas K. Classroom Furniture Dimensions and Anthropometric Measures in Primary School. J Appl Ergon. 2004; 35(2): 121-8.
8. Bendix T. Adjusment of the Seated Workplace with Special Reference to Heights and Inclinations of Seat and Table. Dan Med Bull. 1987; 34(3): 125-39.
9. Mirzaei R, Moussavi Najarkola SA, Asadi Khanoki B, Ansari H. Comparative Assessment of Upper Limbs Musculoskeletal Disorders by Rapid Upper Limb Assessment Among Computer Users of Zahedan Universities. J Health Scope. 2014; 3(4): e15226.
10. Ataei S, Heydari P, Varmazyar S. Investigation of Correlation of Musculoskeletal Disorders with Work Ability Index and Allowable Load Lifting Limit. J Ergon. 2017; 4(4): 14-23.
11. Moussavi-Najarkola SA, Mirzaei R. Assessment of Musculoskeletal Loads of Electric Factory Workers by Rapid Entire Body Assessment. J Health Scope. 2012; 1(2): 71-9.
12. Choobine A, Soleimaninejad E, Daneshmandi H, Mohammadbeigi A, Izadi Kh. The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Postural Assessment by Rula Method in General Dentists in Shiraz in 1389. Izadi KH Dentistry. 2012; 24(4): 310-17.
13. Seifi S, Eftekharian Sh, Sarrafan N, Gholinia H. Ergonomic Evaluation of Frequency and Risk Factors of Musculoskeletal Disorder of Specialist Dentists of Babol Dentistry Faculty. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2016; 27(4): 330-5.
14. Mohammadfam I, Kianfar A, Afsartala B. Assessment of Musculoskeletal Disorders in a Manufacturing Company Using Qec and Luba Methods and Comparison of Results. J Iran Occup Health. 2010; 7(1): 54-60.
15. Jafari Nedoshan R, Halvani Gh, Vatani Shoa J, Salmani Nedoshan Z. Investigation of Musduloskeletal Disorders in Staffs of Bank in Yazd. J Work Med Q. 2011; 3(1): 1-7.
16. David G, Woods V, Li G, Buckle P. The Development of the Quick Exposure Check (Qec) for Assessing Exposure to Risk Factors for Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders. J Appl Erg. 2008; 39: 57-39.
17. Bolghanabadi S, Pour M. The Relationship between Musculoskeletal Disorders, Stress and Fatigue in the Food Industry Employees. J Ergon. 2014; 2(1): 54-63.
18. Koo H-R, Shin Y-S, Chae H-S, Lee K-S. The Research of Job Stress and MSDs Symptoms of Small Plants with Agricultural Products. J Agric Ext & Community Dev. 2011; 18(4): 861-77.
19. Haukka E, Ojajärvi A, Takala E-P, Viikari-Juntura E, Leino-Arjas P. Physical Workload, Leisure-Time Physical Activity, Obesity and Smoking as Predictors of Multisite Musculoskeletal Pain. A 2-Year Prospective Study of Kitchen Workers. J Occup Environ Med. 2012; 69(7): 485-92.
20. Shokri S, Ghalenoei M, Taban E, Ahmadi O, Kouhnavard B. Evaluation of Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders among Students Using Portable Computer in Faculty of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. J Health Res Community. 2015; 1(3): 9-15.
21. Kazemi S, Rafighi M. Investigation the Musculoskeletal Disorders in Students of Dormitories of Tarbiat Modares University. 10th University Students Conference on Innovations in Health Sciences. 2017.
22. Hosseini MH, Khodadadi M, Hoshiar H, Noorbakhsh AH. The Effect of Different Classroom Chairs on the Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Problems and the Rate of Students’ Satisfaction. J Health Dev. 2015; 4(3): 209-18.
23. Kuorinka I, Jonsson B, Kilbom A, Vinterberg H, Biering Sørensen F, Andersson G, et al. Standardized Nordic Questionnaires for the Analysis of Musculoskeletal Symptoms. J Appl Ergon. 1987; 18(233-7).
24. Iyer Shruti R. An Ergonomic Study of Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Schoolchildren. Indian J Pediatr. 2001; 68(10): 937-41.
25. Whittfield J, Legg S, Hedderley D. The Weight and Use of Schoolbags in New Zealand Secondary Schools. J Ergon. 2001; 44(9): 819-24.
26. Choobineh A, Rahimi Fard H, Jahangiri M, Mahmood Khani S. Musculoskeletal Injuries and Their Associated Risk Factors. J Iran Occup Health. 2012; 8(4):70-81.
27. Ekman A, Andersson A, Hagberg M, Hjelm E. Gender Differences in Musculoskeletal Health of Computer and Mouse Users in the Swedish Workforce. J Occup Med. 2000; 50(8): 608-13.
28. Kerosuo E, Kerosuo H, Kanerva L. Self-Reported Health Complaints among General Dental Practitioners, Orthodontists, and Office Employees. Acta Odonto Scand. 2000; 58(5): 207-12.
29. Karlqvist L, Tornqvist EW, Hagberg M, Hagman M, Toomingas A. Self-Reported Working Conditions of VDU Operators and Associations with Musculoskeletal Symptoms: A Cross-Sectional Study Focusing on Gender Differences. Int J Ind Ergon. 2002; 30(4): 277-94.
30. Farouresh E, Mazloumi A, Habibi M. Ergonomics Evaluation of Body Postures and Effective Risk Factors Contributing Musculoskeletal Disorder in Barbers in Sardasht. Jhsw. 2012; 1(2): 45-50.
31. Miri M, Hosseini M, Sharifzade GH. Ergonomic Assessment of Working Conditions in Birjand Hairdressers in Reba Method. J Gonabad Univ Med Sci. 2009; 14(2): 39-44.
32. Ahmadi Motemayel F, Abdolsamadi H, Roshanaei G, Jalilian S. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders among Hamadan General Dental Practitioners. Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci. 2012; 19(3): 61-6.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Human, Environment and Health Promotion

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb