Volume 3, Issue 1 (12-2017)                   J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot. 2017, 3(1): 47-53 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohammadian Fazli M, Tohidloo Z, Hosseinloo M. Study on Microbiological Quality of Rural and Urban Drinking Water in Distribution Systems of Ijroud, Zanjan in 2013-2015. J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot.. 2017; 3 (1) :47-53
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-138-en.html
1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
2- Environmental Health Sector, Health Center of Ijroud Town, Ijroud, Iran.
3- Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Abstract:   (386 Views)
Background: Providing safe drinking water has critical importance to human societies. The aim of this study was to investigate microbiological quality of drinking water in distribution system of urban and rural regions of Ijroud, in Zanjan province.
 
Materials and Methods: In present descriptive study, the microbiological examination of drinking water was conducted in 15 facilities with 401 samples. Transportation and test procedures were according to standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater.
 
Results: Total number of microbial samples were 401 and 66.66% of them were positive for total and fecal coliforms. Also, water of 10 villages were not suitable for drinking with respecting to national standards. In addition, samples of only 5 villages were suitable for human consumption. The range of fecal coliforms in distribution networks' samples were from 4 to 75 MPN/100 ml. This study showed that as microbiological aspect, drinking water is not potable in some rural communities. The consumption of drinking water in this distribution networks can threaten the health of consumers, thus, the water supply organizations have to improve operation and maintenance measurements due to prevent the spread of water-borne diseases.
 
Conclusion:This study showed that as microbiological aspect, drinking water is not potable in some rural communities. The consumption of drinking water in this distribution networks can threaten the health of consumers, thus, the water supply organizations have to improve operation and maintenance measurements due to prevent the spread of water-borne diseases.
 



 
Full-Text [PDF 392 kb]   (89 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/10/26 | Accepted: 2017/12/3 | Published: 2017/12/21

References
1. Mokhtari SA, FazlzadehDavil M, Dorraji B. Survey of Bacteriological Quality of the Drinking Water in Rural Areas of Ardabil City. J Health Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2011; 1(2): 66-73.
2. Mousavi GR. Water Engineering Planing, Designing and Operating. Tehran: Hafiz; Firstedition. 2 Print. 2005: 1-10.
3. Dehghani A, Khani M, Mohammadnia M. Quantitative and Qualitive Survey of Water of Southern Khorasan Province’s Cisterns- Birjand County. 12th Environmental Health National Congress of Iran; Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci. 2009; 1202-11.
4. Nazeri M, Rzaghi R, Salmani G, Fathi Moghadam A. Survey of Potable Water Microbial Pollution of Kashan County‘s Cisterns in 1384. 9th Environ Health National Congress of Iran, Esfahan Univ Med Sci. 2006: 290.
5. Ghaderpoori M, Dehghani MH, Fazlzadeh M, Zarei A. Survey of Microbial Quality of Drinking Water in Rural Areas of Saqqez, Iran. American-Eurasian J Agric Environ Sci. 2009; 5(5): 627-32.
6. Nasiri A. Improving Water Resources Essential for the Health of the Environment 1385. Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran Characterizations of Drinking Water. National Standard of Iran. 2009.
7. Ghafari A. Assessment of Microbial Status of Well Water in Koya City Larestan using Different Methods of Bacteria in Water Supplies Activity. 11th National Conference of Environmental Health Zahedan. 2008.
8. Coll AA. Investigation of Microbial and Chemical Quality of Packaged Drinking Water and Comparison it's with Iran's National Standards in Baluchistan Region. 11th National Conference of Environmental Health Zahedan. 2008.
9. World Health Organization. Drinking Water Factsheets. WHO. 2017. Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs391/en/.
10. Norouzi J. Practical Methods to Detect Bacteria. Hayan Publication; 2003.
11. APHA, AWWA, WPCF. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 21st Edition, Publication Office: American Public Health Association, Washington D.C; 2005.
12. Institute of Standard and Industrial Research of Iran (ISIRI). Microbiological Properties of Drinking Water No. 1011, 6th Revision. 2007. Available from: URL: http://www. isiri.org/portal/files/std/1011.pdf.
13. Washington DC. Office of Enviromental Protection Agency. Drinking Water Standards [Ducumented on the Internet]. 2003. Available from: URL: http://Water.epa.gov/drink/resours.
14. Shariatpanahi M, Anderson AC. Bacterial Survey of Well Water-Tehran, Iran. Environ Res. 1987; 43(2):
15. Azizi IG, Hashemi M. Determination of Contamination in Potable Water Supplies in Villages of Babol (one City in Iran) and the Effect of Pseudomonas on E. coli in the MPN Test. Proceedings of the International Conference and Exhibition for Filtration and Separation Technol; Filtech; Wiesbaden, Germany; 2005: 11-13.
16. Amini B, Baghchesaraei H, Nasiri A. Estimation of Coliform Contamination Rate and Impact of Environmental Factor on Bacterial Quality of Tube Well Water Supplies in Khorramdarreh County, Iran. African J Biotechnol. 2012; 11(31): 7912-5. [In Persian].
17. Amouei A, Miranzadeh MB, Shahandeh Z, Taheri T, Ali Asgharnia H, Akbarpour S, et al. A Study on the Microbial Quality of Drinking Water in Rural Areas of Mazandaran Province in North of Iran. J Environ Prot. 2011; 3(7): 605-9. [In Persian]. [Crossref]
18. Dehghani M, Ghaderpoori M, Fazlzadeh M, Golmohamadi S. Survey of Bacteriological Quality of the Drinking Water in Rural Areas of Saqqez City. Iran J Health Environ. 2009; 2(2): 132-9. [In Persian].
19. RobatSarpoushi Gh, Choupani R, Tarkhasi M, Rahmani Sani A. Evaluation of Drinking Water Biological and Chemical Quality in Rural Villages Under Vision of Rabat Sarpush and Shamkan Villages. J Reaserch Committee of Students at Sabzevar Univ Med Sci. 2012; 17(1-2): 13-7. [In Persian].
20. MohammadianFazli M, Sadeghi GR. A Survey on Contamination of Zanjan Drinking Water Supplies in 1999- 2000. J Zanjan Univ Med Sci. 2003; 11(43): 49-54. [In Persian].
21. Hasani AH, Khani MR, Sayyadi M, Ghadami V, Khastoo HR. The Study of Microbial Pollution in Ground Water Resources in Islamshar Region. J Environ Sci Technol. 2010; 12(1): 195-200. [In Persian].
22. Bornamehr B, KatehShamshiri T, Mohammadi Z, Barghamdi M, Ahi AA. Determining the Kind of the Source of Fecal Contamination in Drinking Water Distribution Systems of Rural Areas under the Cover of Rural Water and Wastewater Organization of Mashhad in the Second Quarter of 2008. Proceedings of the 12th National Congress of Environmental Health. 2009: 972-9. [In Persian].

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Human, Environment and Health Promotion

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb