Volume 5, Issue 3 (9-2019)                   J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot 2019, 5(3): 116-120 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Pasdar Y, Nachvak S M, Darbandi M, Morvaridzadeh M, Rezaeian S, Daneshi Maskooni M. A Population-based Cross-sectional Study of Food Insecurity and the Influential Factors in Households in Kermanshah,Iran. J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot. 2019; 5 (3) :116-120
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-244-en.html
1- Research Center for Environmental Determinacies of Health, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
2- Department of Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
3- Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Kerman, Iran.
Abstract:   (848 Views)
Background: Food security and access to sufficient healthy food are the basic needs of humans. Food insecurity may cause severe health and nutritional problems. Therefore, assessment of food security and the influential factors is essential in different communities. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of food insecurity in the households in Kermanshah in the west of Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at 1,185 households in Kermanshah city, which were selected from eight areas via cluster sampling. Data were collected using the questionnaire of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16 using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Pearson's correlation-coefficient, and Kruskal-Wallis test.
Results: In total, 69.5% of the households had food insecurity. Significant correlations were observed between food insecurity and family size, occupation status of the household head, number of rooms, monthly income, and education level (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: According to the results, food insecurity was highly prevalent in the families in Kermanshah. Therefore, planning and implementation of interventional programs by organizations are recommended for better food access and improving the quality and quantity of food consumption in families.
Full-Text [PDF 499 kb]   (257 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Public Health
Received: 2019/06/24 | Accepted: 2019/09/7 | Published: 2019/09/21

1. US Agency for International Development (USAID). Definition of Food Security. USAID.gov. Available from: URL: https://www.usaid.gov/ [Accessed 16 Oct. 2019].
2. Banach LP. Hospitalization: are We Missing an Opportunity to Identify Food Insecurity in Children? Acad Pediatr. 2016; 16(5): 438-45. [Crossref]
3. Barrett CB. Measuring Food Insecurity. Sci. 2010; 327(5967): 825-8. [Crossref]
4. Dastgiri S, Sharafkhani R, Asl RG, Ghavamzadeh S. Prevalence, Influencing Factors and Control of Food Insecurity: A Model in the Northwest of Iran. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2011; 20(4): 613-7.
5. Daneshi Maskooni M, Shab Bidar S, Badri Fariman M, Aubi E, Mohammadi Y, Jafarnejad S, et al. Questionnaire-Based Prevalence of Food Insecurity in Iran: A Review Article. Iran J Public Health. 2017; 46(11): 1454.
6. Brewer DP, Catlett CS, Porter KN, Lee JS, Hausman DB, Reddy S, Johnson MA. Physical limitations Contribute to Food Insecurity and the Food Insecurity-Obesity Paradox in Older Adults at Senior Centers in Georgia. J Nutr Elder. 2010; 29(2): 150-69. [Crossref]
7. Seligman HK, Davis TC, Schillinger D, Wolf MS. Food Insecurity is Associated with Hypoglycemia and Poor Diabetes Self-Management in a Low-Income Sample with Diabetes. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2010; 21(4): 1227-33.
8. Berkowitz SA, Basu S, Meigs JB, Seligman HK. Food Insecurity and Health Care Expenditures in the United States, 2011–2013. Health Serv Res. 2018; 53(3): 1600. [Crossref]
9. Ramsey R, Giskes K, Turrell G, Gallegos D. Food Insecurity among Adults Residing in Disadvantaged Urban Areas: Potential Health and Dietary Consequences. Public Health Nutr. 2011; 15(2): 227–37. [Crossref]
10. World Health Organization. Iran (the Islamic Republic of). WHO. Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/countries/irn/en [Accessed 16 Oct. 2019].
11. Coates J, Swindale A, Bilinsky P. Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) for Measurement of Food Access: Indicator Guide. Washington, DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Academy for Educational Development; 2007. p. 34. [Crossref]
12. Gebreyesus SH, Lunde T, Mariam DH, Woldehanna T, Lindtjørn B. Is the Adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) Developed Internationally to Measure Food Insecurity Valid in Urban and Rural Households of Ethiopia? BMC Nutr. 2015 D; 1(1): 2-10. [Crossref]
13. Mohammadi F, Omidvar N, Houshiar Rad A, Khoshfetrat MR, Abdollahi M, Mehrabi Y. Validity of an Adapted Household Food Insecurity Access Scale in Urban Households in Iran. Public Health Nutr. 2012; 15(1): 149-57. [Crossref]
14. Feyisso M, Belachew T, Tesfay A, Addisu Y. Differentials of Modern Contraceptive Methods Use by Food Security Status among Married Women of Reproductive Age in Wolaita Zone, South Ethiopia. Arch Public Health. 2015; 73(1): 38-46. [Crossref]
15. Baer TE, Scherer EA, Fleegler EW, Hassan A. Food Insecurity and the Burden of Health-Related Social Problems in an Urban Youth Population. J Adolesc Health. 2015; 57(6): 601-7. [Crossref]
16. Rafiei M, Rastegari HA, Ghiasi M, Shahsanaie V. Household Food Security in Isfahan Based on Current Population Survey Adapted Questionnaire. Int J Prev Med. 2013; 4(12): 1421-8.
17. Gholami A, Sani TR, Askari M, Jahromi ZM, Dehghan A. Food Insecurity Status and Associated Factors among Rural Households in North-East of Iran. Int J Prev Med. 2013; 4(9): 1018-24.
18. Mohammadzadeh A, Dorosty A, Eshraghian M. Household Food Security Status and Associated Factors among High-School Students in Esfahan, Iran. Public Health Nutr. 2010; 13(10): 1609-13. [Crossref]
19. Parsavala S, Dorosty Motlagh A, Daneshi Maskooni M, Eshraghian M, Siassi F. Food Insecurity and Some Associated Socioeconomic Factors among High School Girls of Tehran. Int Res J Appl Basic Sci. 2013; 7(8): 508-11.
20. Badri Fariman M, Alavi A, Daneshi Maskooni M, Mirzaei K, Moeini A, Hosseini M. Food Security and Some Associated Factors among Women with Poly-Cystic Ovary Syndrome. World Essays J. 2016; 4(1): 35-9.
21. Daneshi Maskooni M, Badri Fariman M, Habibi N, Dorosty Motlagh A, Yavari H, Kashani A, et al. The Relationship between Food Insecurity and Esophageal and Gastric Cancers: A Case-Control Study. J Res Health Sci. 2017; 17(2): e00381.
22. Dorosty Motlagh AR, Safarpour P, Daneshi Maskooni M, Hosseini M, Ranjbar Noshari F. Food Insecurity and Primary School Girl Students' Intelligence Quotients: A Case-Control Study. J Res Health Sci. 2018; 18(2): e00411.
23. Najibi N, Dorosty Motlagh A, Sadrzadeh Yeganeh H, Eshraghian M, Daneshi M, Azizi S. Food Insecurity Status and Some Associated Socioeconomic Factors among Newly Diagnosed Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Shiraz, 2012. J Arak Univ Med Sci. 2013; 16(1): 98-106.
24. Safarpour M, Dorosty Motlagh A, Hosseini SM, Ranjbar Noshari F, Safarpour M, Daneshi Maskooni M, et al. Prevalence and Outcomes of Food Insecurity and Its Relationship with Some Socioeconomic Factors. Knowledge Health. 2014; 8(4): 193-8.
25. Daneshi Maskooni M, Dorosty Motlagh AR, Hosseini SM, Zendehdel K, Kashani A, Safarpour M, et al. Food Insecurity and Some Associated Socioeconomic Factors among Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer Patients. Int Res J Appl Basic Sci. 2013; 4(2): 482-6.
26. Azizi S, Sadrzadeh Yeganeh H, Hosseini SM, Ahmadi A, Daneshi Maskooni M, Safarpour M, et al. Food Insecurity and Some Associated Socioeconomic Factors among Women with Metabolic Syndrome Referred to Clinics of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Armaghane Danesh. 2013; 18(2): 95-106.
27. Azizi S, SadrzadehYeganeh H, Hosseini M, Daneshi Maskooni M. Relationship between Food Insecurity and Metabolic Syndrome in Women. Iran J Diabetes Metab. 2014; 13(2): 144-52.
28. Najibi N, Firoozi R, Shahrezaee S, Eshraghian M, Daneshi Maskooni M, Dorosty Motlagh A. Food Insecurity is an Important risk Factor for Type 2 Diabetes: A Case-Control Study of New Referrals to the University Clinics, Shiraz, Southern Iran. BMC Public Health. 2019; 19(1): 885-92. [Crossref]
29. Daneshi Maskooni M, Dorosty Motlagh A, Hosseini SM, Zendehdel K, Kashani A, Azizi S, et al. Prevalence of Food Insecurity and Some Associated Socioeconomic Factors among Patients with Upper Gastrointestinal Cancers. Med J Mashhad Univ Med Sci. 2013; 56(1): 56-61.
30. Maskooni MD, Motlagh AD, Izadi A, Kashani A, Azizi S, Bahreini M, et al. Is Food Security Associated to Nutritional Status among Hospitalized Cancer and non-Cancer Patients? Int Res J Appl Basic Sci. 2013; 5(6): 801-4.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Human Environment and Health Promotion

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb