Volume 1, Issue 1 (12-2015)                   J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot. 2015, 1(1): 41-48 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mehrasbi M R, Mohammadi G, Mohammadian Fazli M, Hajikarim B, jafari G. Indoor Airborne Bio Aerosols in Valiasr Hospital in Zanjan, Iran. J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot.. 2015; 1 (1) :41-48
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-30-en.html
1- Department of Environmental Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
2- Valiasr Hospital, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Abstract:   (1907 Views)

Background: Bio aerosols include airborne micro-organisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc and their products. Exposure to a bio aerosol is linked with a broad spectrum of health problems, including infectious diseases, acute toxic effects, allergies, and cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality and quantity of bio aerosols found in the air of different wards in Valiasr Hospital, Zanjan, in summer and fall 2012.
Methods: Air samples were collected from six wards including: operating room, infectious, ear, nose, and throat (ENT), surgery, adult intensive care unit (ICU), oncology and administrative with a single-step Anderson sampler. The type and number of colonies were determined in the laboratory, and then the bio aerosol density were calculated in terms of cfu/m3 and compared with the recommended limits.
Results: The most common genera of isolated bacteria and fungi were Staphylococcus and Penicillium, respectively. In the infectious ward bacterial density was higher than the recommended limit of WHO (100cfu/m3) in the visiting times (afternoon). The fungal density in the meeting time (afternoon) in the ICU, ENT, and general surgery, infectious and administrative wards, and in non-visiting times (morning) in the infectious ward was higher than the recommended limit of WHO (50 cfu/m3).
Conclusion: From the findings of this study it can be concluded that the density of fungi and bacteria in the hospital air in some times of working period are higher than recommended levels and therefore, the condition of existing air filtration and ventilation systems should be appropriated according to the international standards of hospitals buildings.

Full-Text [PDF 568 kb]   (572 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/10/13 | Accepted: 2015/11/20 | Published: 2016/01/20

1. Mandal J, Brandl H. Bioaerosols in Indoor Environment-a Review with Special Reference to Residential and Occupational locations. J Open Environ Biol Monit. 2011; 4: 83-96. [Crossref]
2. Mortazavie SB, Dadashpour Ahangar A, Rezaie A, Mirzaie R, Khavanin A, Beygi B. Quantitative Analysis of Bioaerosols in Operating Room and Efficiency of Controls Systems. J Mil Med. 2009; 11(3):171-4. [In Persian].
3. Choobineh A, Rostami R, Tabatabaei SH. Assessment of Bioaerosols Types and Concentration in Ambient Air of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences Educational Hospitals. J Iran Occup Health. 2008; 6(2): 69-76. [In Persian].
4. Yassin MF, Almouqatea S. Assessment of Airborne Bacteria and Fungi in an Indoor and Outdoor Environment. Int J Environ Sci Tech. 2010; 7(3): 535-44. [Crossref]
5. Ekhaise FO, Isitor EE, Idehen O, Emoghene AO. Airborne Microflora in the Atmosphere of an Hospital Environment of University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City, Nigeria. World J Agr Sci. 2010; 6(2): 166-70.
6. Choubineh AR. Methods and Means of Sampling Pollutants in air. 1nd ed. Tehran: Fanavran; 2005. [In Persian].
7. Naddafi K, Rezaei SO, Nabizadeh R, Airborne Bacteria in a Children Hospital in Tehran. Iran J Health Environ. 2009; 1(2):75-80. [In Persian].
8. Hoseinzadeh E, Samarghandie M, Ghiasian SA, Alikhani M, Roshanaie G, Moghadam Shakib M. Qualitative and Quantitative Evaluation of Bioaerosoles in the Air of Different Wards of Governmental Hamedan Hospitals, during 2011-2012. Yafteh J Lorestan Univ Med Sci. 2012; 14(4): 29-39. [In Persian].
9. Abdollahi A, Mahmoudzadeh S. Microbial Profile of Air Contamination in Hospital Wards. Iran J Pathol. 2012; 7(3): 177-82.
10. Qudiesat K, Abu-Elteen K, Elkarmi A, Hamad M, Abussaud M. Assessment of Airborne Pathogens in Healthcare Settings. Afr J Microbiology Res. 2009; 3(2): 066-76.
11. Awosika SA, Olajubu F, Amusa NA. Microbiological Assessment of Indoor Air of a Teaching Hospital in Nigeria. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2012; 2(6): 465-8. [Crossref]
12. Darvishzadeh N. Assessment of Air Pollution (aerosols and Bioaerosols) in Different Parts of in a Hospital in Tehran [Dissertation]. Tehran: Tehran Univ; 2010.
13. Bioaerosol Sampling (Indoor Air) 0800, Niosh Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM). 4 Ed. Available from: URL: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-154/pdfs/0800.pdf. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
14. Asadi A. Identification of Lead-Resistant Fungi Isolated from Industrial Wastewater of NILZ Company and Survey of their Lead Adsorption Capacities [Dissertation]. Zanjan: Islamic Azad Univ; 2009.
15. Jensen A, Cih P, Schafer MP. Sampling and Characterization of Bioaerosols. Niosh Manual of Analytical Methods. Available from: URL: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-154/pdfs/chapter-j.pdf. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
16. Thorne PS, Kiekhaefer MS, Whitten P, Donham KJ. Comparison of Bioaerosol Sampling Methods in Barns Housing Swine. Appl Environ Micro. 1992; 58(8): 2543-51.
17. Azizifar M, Jabbari H, Naddafi K, Nabizadeh R, Tabaraie Y, Solg A. A Qualitative and Quantitative Survey on Air-Transmitted Fungal Contamination in Different Wards of Kamkar Hospital in Qom, Iran, in 2007. J Qom Univ Med Sci. 2009; (3): 25-30. [In Persian].
18. Drew GH, Deacon LJ, Pankhurst L, Pollard SJT, Tyrrel SF. Guidance on the Evaluation of Bioaerosol Risk Assessments for Composting Facilities. Available from: URL: http://ebookbrowsee.net/bioaerosol-ra-guidance-pdf-d395860199. Retrieved10 June 2013.
19. Zaini F, Mehbod AS, Emami M. Comprehensive Medical Mycology. Tehran University Publication. Tehran Iran. 1999: 39-40.
20. Nourmoradi H, Nikaeen M, Amin MM, Hatamzadeh M. An Investigation on Bio-aerosol Concentrations in the Different Wards of Hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. J Isfahan Med. 2011; 29(149): 1028-36. [In Persian].
21. Kim KY, Kim YS, Kim D, Kim HT. Exposure Level and Distribution Characteristics of Airborne Bacteria and Fungi in Seoul Metropolitan Subway Stations. Industrial Health. 2011; 49(2): 242-8. [Crossref]
22. Perdelli F, Cristina ML, Sartini M, Spagnolo AM, Dallera M, Ottria G, Lombardi R, Grimaldi M, Orlando P. Fungal Contamination in Hospital Environments. Infection Control. 2006; 27(01): 44-7. [Crossref]
23. Kowalski W. Hospital Airborne Infection Control. CRC Press. 2011.
24. Ross C, Menezes JR, Svidzinski TI, Albino U, Andrade G. Studies on fungal and bacterial population of air-conditioned environments. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. 2004; 47(5): 827-35. [Crossref]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Human, Environment and Health Promotion

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb