Volume 1, Issue 4 (9-2016)                   J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot. 2016, 1(4): 196-201 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Haniloo A, Taheri S, Torabi N. Parasitic Contamination of Raw Vegetables in Zanjan Markets, Iran. J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot.. 2016; 1 (4) :196-201
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/jhehp/article-1-69-en.html
1- Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Medical School, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Abstract:   (1804 Views)

Background; Complex surface of vegetables facilitate attachment and transmission of several pathogens. No previous study has been conducted in survey of parasitic contamination of vegetables in Zanjan. This study aimed to detect the parasitic contamination in common raw vegetables in Zanjan markets.
Methods;A total of 352 raw vegetable samples, including leek, parsley, basil, mint, radish, cress and dill were collected from grocery stores using cluster sampling in different regions of the city during 2014. The edible parts of vegetables were separated and immersed in normal saline solution. Floating vegetables were removed and the solution was allowed to sediment at room temperature for 24 hours. The pellet was examined following sedimentation and floatation methods.

Results; Various Organisms were detected in 54% (190) of the 352 samples, but only 2.8% of samples had pathogenic parasites including; Trichostrongylus eggs (3), Hookworm eggs (2), Eimeria oocysts (2), Sarcocystis oocyst (1), Strongyloides larvae (1), and Fasciola eggs (1). The contamination rate of vegetables was highest (90.4%) in the fall (p˂0.05).
Conclusion; Vegetable contamination with parasitic organisms in this area was  low, maybe due to irrigation of vegetables with sources other than sewage water, but it is still necessary to improve sanitary conditions of vegetables.

Full-Text [PDF 516 kb]   (367 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/06/22 | Accepted: 2016/08/22 | Published: 2016/09/20

References
1. Abougrain AK, Nahaisi MH, Madi NS, Saied MM, Ghenghesh KS. Parasitological Contamination in Salad Vegetables in Tripoli-Libya. Food Control. 2010; 21(5): 760-2.
2. Oguntibeju OO, Esterhuyse AJ, Truter EJ. The Role of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Human Health and Disease Prevention. Intechopen Access Publisher. 2013.
3. Ashrafi K, Valero MA, Forghan-Parast K, Rezaeian M, Shahtaheri SJ, Hadiani MR, et al. Potential Transmission of Human Fascioliasis through Traditional Local Foods, in Northern Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2006; 35(2): 57-63.
4. Rokni MB. The Present Status of Human Helminthic Diseases in Iran. J Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2008; 102(4): 283-95.
5. Gharavi MJ, Jahani MR, Rokni MB. Parasitic Contamination of Vegetables from Farms and Markets in Tehran. Iran J Public Health. 2002; 31(3-4): 83- 6.
6. Daryani A, Ettehad GH, Sharif M, Ghorbani L, Ziaei H. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in Vegetables Consumed in Ardabil, Iran. Food Control. 2008; 19(8): 790-4.
7. Nazemi S, Raei M, Amiri M, Chaman R. Parasitic Contamination of Raw Vegetables in Sharoud, Semnan. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2012; 14(8): 84- 6.
8. Izadi S, Abedi S, Ahmadian S, Mahmoodi M. Study of the Current Parasitic Contamination of the Edible Vegetables in Isfahan in Order to Identify Preventive Measures. Scientific J Kurdistan Univ Med Sci. 2006; 11(2): 51-8.
9. Arab L, Rahdar M. Parasitic Contamination of Consumed Vegetables from Famrs in Ramhormoz. Jundishapur Sci Med J. 2012; 11(4): 375- 82.
10. Ezatpour B, Chegeni AS, Abdollahpour F, Aazami M, Alirezaei M. Prevalence of Parasitic Contamination of Raw Vegetables in Khorramabad, Iran. Food Control. 2013; 34(1): 92-5.
11. Saki J, Asadpoori R, Khademvatan S. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in Vegetables Consumed in Ahvaz, South West of Iran. J Med Sci. 2013; 13(6): 488- 92.
12. Attayan A, Nourian A, Paikari HA, Abdollahi SA. Determination of Parasitic Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract Nurseries and Primary Schools in Zanjan. Zums J. 1996; 4(16): 16-21.
13. Norouzi R, Nourian A, Hanilo A, Kamali K. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites among Primary School Students in Zanjan City (2013). Zums J. 2016; 24(102): 121-30.
14. Muller R, Wakelin D. Worms and Human Disease. 2 ed: London: CABI; 2002.
15. Shahnazi M, Jafari-Sabet M. Prevalence of Parasitic Contamination of Raw Vegetables in Villages of Qazvin Province, Iran. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2010; 7(9): 1025-30.
16. Soleimanpoor H, Zohor A, Ebrahimzadeh A, Biranvand L, Dabirzadeh M. The Survey of Parasitic Contamination of Consumpted Vegetables in Zabol City during 2011- 2012. J Rostamineh Zabol Univ Med Sci. 2012; 3(4): 39- 47.
17. Fallah AA, Pirali-Kheirabadi K, Shirvani F, Saei-Dehkordi SS. Prevalence of Parasitic Contamination in Vegetables Used for Raw Consumption in Shahrekord, Iran: Influence of Season and Washing Procedure. Food Control. 2012; 25(2): 617-20.
18. Ebrahimzadeh A, Jamshidi A, Mohammadi S. The Parasitic Contamination of Raw Vegetables Consumed in Zahedan, Iran. Health Scope. 2013; 1(4): 205- 9.
19. Siyadatpanah A, Tabatabaei F, Emami Zeydi A, Spotin A, Fallah-Omrani V, Assadi M, et al. Parasitic Contamination of Raw Vegetables in Amol, North of Iran. Arch Clin Infect Dis. 2013; 8(2): 15983.
20. Rahimi-Esboei B, Pagheh A, Fakhar M, Pagheh S, Dadimoghadam Y. Parasitic Contamination of Consumed Vegetables in Golestan Province, 2012. Med Lab J. 2014; 8(3): 82-9.
21. Al-Binali AM, Bello CS, El-Shewy K, Abdulla SE. The Prevalence of Parasites in Commonly Used Leafy Vegetables in South Western Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2006; 27(5): 613- 6.
22. Eraky MA, Rashed SM, Nasr Mel S, El-Hamshary AM, Salah El-Ghannam A. Parasitic Contamination of Commonly Consumed Fresh Leafy Vegetables in Benha, Egypt. J Parasitol Res. 2014; 2014: 1-7.
23. Dehghani A. Parasitic Contamination in Packed Vegetable in Yazd City. J Toloe Behdasht. 2003; 1: 11- 5.
24. Malakootian M, Hoseini M, bahrami H. Parasitic Contamination of Consuming Vegetables in Kerman City Iran. J Hormozgan Univ Med Sci. 2009; 13(1): 55-62.
25. Choi DW. Incidence of Parasites Found on Vegetables Collected from Markets and Vegetable Gardens in Taegu Area. Korean J Parasitol. 1972; 10(1): 44- 51.
26. Shafa-ul-Haq, Maqbool A, Khan UJ, Yasmin G, Sultana R. Parasitic Contamination of Vegetables Eaten Raw in Lahore. Pak J Zool. 2014; 46(5): 1303-9.
27. Kohansal MH, Nourian A, Bafandeh S. Human Cystic Echinococcosis in Zanjan Area, Northwest Iran: Ar Retrospective Hospital Based Survey between 2007 and 2013. Iran J Public Health. 2015; 44(9): 1277- 82.
28. Farokhi. Accounted for 100 Units Selling Healthy Vegetables in Zanjan. Mehr News. 2014.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Human, Environment and Health Promotion

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb