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Showing 7 results for Rakhshani

Fatemeh Zarei, Amir Nassiri, Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Hadi Tehrani, Fatemeh Rakhshani, Mohammad Masoud Vakili,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (6-2016)

Background;It is important to know media and educational intervention and also produce them according to standards. Thus, media and health educational interventions should evaluate to improve education quality.
Methods;The study sample were whole produced media and interventions in all medical universities, deportments, offices, and centers affiliated to ministry of health in 2008 and in the first half of 2009. Sampling took a census. The evaluating tool was a checklist which made in four domains including pre-media, media and intervention specifications, production, and implementation, evaluation.

Results; 7.1% percent of media and interventions achieved 50 percent score in pre-media. The other results were respectively in media specification 63.7% percent, implementation and production 15.7% percent, and also evaluation 2.9% percent.Intervention just evaluated in pre-media.
Conclusion; The results of the evaluation in health education media indicate that the IEC cycle (Information, Education, Communication) in health care system is an incomplete process. Meanwhile regardless of prerequisite the scoped phase will implicate and lead to educational budget dissipation.

Marzieh Assareh, Tayebeh Rakhshani, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Maryam Ayazi,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (9-2016)

Background; There is scant evidence regarding the prevalence and main determinants of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) in early adulthood, especially at university ages. This study aimed to determine the status of OCD among Iranian college students.
Methods; This cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 medical students at different academic grades studying at Kermanshah University of Medicalsciences. The final diagnosis of subclinical OCD was based on Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (MOCI). The data were entered into the SPSS statistical software, version 19.0 and analyzed using independent T-test and chi-square test. P<0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.

Results; The students’ mean + SD score of MOCI was 8.1±6.9. Besides, 103 students (32.4%) obtained scores higher than 9 and, consequently, were diagnosed with subclinical OCD. Among the baseline characteristics, only family history of OCD showed a significant relationship with the frequency of subclinical OCD (p<0.05).
Conclusion; Since family history, as the only determinant of OCD in our study, cannot be modified, students and families have to be trained to control their disorder.

Tayebeh Rakhshani, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Mohammad Reza Ebrahimi, Samira Taravatmanesh, Mostafa Rasheki,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (6-2017)

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of knowledge, attitude and practice of the households on the prevention and control Cutaneous Leishmaniasis.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional, analytical. The population consisted of the residents in the south of Shiraz. The sample size was 300 and they were selected randomly. For analyzed using the descriptive indices as well as in-depended T-test, chi-square test and ANOVA. The SPSS software 16 was used for analysis.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 36.1±13.6. The mean and standard deviation scores of knowledge, attitude and practice were 16.85 ±3.5, 34.38 ±6.43 and 5.6 ±1.9, respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient showed that the mean awareness (r = 0.13, P-value = 0.02) was more correlated with the mean practice compared to the mean attitude (r = 0.17, P-value = 0.00). However, both variables of knowledge and attitude had a significant relationship with practice (p-value = 0.00).
Conclusion: Generally, the results of our study showed that the scores of knowledge and practice were lower than the mean score, and the attitude score was better than the two other scores.

Mohsen Moghadami, Akbar Poormoghaddam, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Tayebeh Rakhshani, Mohammad Reza Ebrahimi,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (9-2017)

Background: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological characteristics of animal bite during 2011 -2016 years in Jahrom city.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed using data from the Jahrom University of Medical Sciences. For analytical statistics, Chi-square test and multiple regression test were used. SPSS software version 21 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: In total, 2010 people with an average age of 31.4 ±1.7 in the years 2011 to 2016 in the were biting. Of these, 429 were female (21.3%) and 1581 were male (78.7%). The results multiple showed that there was a positive correlation between (animal bites; Beta = 0.05, age; Beta = 0.02, location of ulcer; Beta = 0.01) with animal bites positive and direct correlation with animal bites. Animal type variables (Beta = -0.06), primary measures (Beta = -0.03), gender (Beta = -0.03), nationality (Beta = -0.03), wound size (Beta = -0.02) and location (Beta = 0.05) had a negative correlation with animal bites.
Conclusion: Most cases of biting have been related to dogs, pets and rural areas. Therefore, the vaccination of dogs and cats is essential by preventing dogs from being exposed to humans.
Mahbobeh Firouzkouhi Moghaddam, Tayebeh Rakhshani, Fariba Kadkhodaie, Mostafa Rashki ,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2018)

Background: The rate of drug dependence and abuse is a growing problem in the Iran, number of opioid – dependent people is estimated at a total of 2000.000-4000.000 individuals. The aim of this study was a Comparison of Methadone and Buprenorphine in the Treatment of Opiate Addiction referring to a treatment clinic of Baharan psychiatric hospital in Zahedan city.
Methods: In a cross sectional study, 152 patients with opioid dependence were assigned into two treatment groups i.e. Methadone and Buprenorphine. Data were collected from patients using a questionnaire COWS. ANOVA and repeated measures regressions were used to evaluate the significant differences on using drug (methadone and Buprenorphine), time, and drug-by-time interaction terms.
Results: Patients on MMT and BMT differed in terms of Age started addiction (P = 0.0001); education level (P = 0.0001); and income (P = 0.0001), and no differed in term of sex (P = 0.8). There was no significant difference between the two groups taking buprenorphine and methadone (P = 0.87).
Conclusion: In conclusion, our study indicated, Buprenorphine and methadone are both proven to be effective treatment options.

Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Esmat Mohaghegh Sharifi, Tayebeh Rakhshani, Seyyedeh Sahar Hosseini,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2018)

Background: Thalassemia is the most prevalent genetic disorder in humans. It is caused by the deficient or lack of production of one of the globin chains. The present study aimed to evaluate the performance indicators of Behbahan Health Center, Iran in terms of the prevention of thalassemia major during 2006-2016.
Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on the couples referring to the pre-marriage counseling centers in Behbahan, Iran for premarital tests during 2006-2016. The participants were selected via census sampling.
Results: In total, 24,992 couples were screened, 0.33% of whom (n = 84) were suspected of thalassemia. Out of 84 couples, two cases declared marriage cancellation after electrophoresis. The results of the PND1 test indicated that in 96% of the couples (n = 73), the boy and girl both had thalassemia minor, while in 1.3% of the cases (n = 1), one of them had thalassemia minor, and in 6.2% (n = 2), they were both normal.
Conclusion: According to the results, 84 couples were carriers of thalassemia during 2006-2016. Eventually, all the cases with thalassemia major were aborted and prevented from birth.

Mohsen Moghadami, Leila Hadadi, Ali Khani Jeihooni, Tayebeh Rakhshani,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2018)

Background: One of the challenges of implementing the family physician program is the decrease in the number of doctors, especially in rural and deprived areas, the present study aimed to determine the intentions of family physicians to persist in the health centers affiliated in Hormozgan city.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 195 physicians in the health centers implementing the family physician program. Data were collected using a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 21 using independent t-test, Pearson’s correlation-coefficient, and ANOVA.
Results: In total, 57.9% of the participants were female, and 42.1% were male. The majority of the subjects (61%) were aged 30-60 years. The results of Pearson’s correlation-coefficient indicated that income, payment status, working hours, willingness to continue education, job security, motivation to serve, commitment to service provision, and confidence in the family physician program had significant, positive associations with the intentions of family physicians to stay in the health centers (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: According to the results, health ministers, policymakers, and planners could help with the persistence of family physicians in the healthcare centers in deprived areas through reviewing the number of the healthcare team members and their job descriptions.

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