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Bahman Rahimi Esboei, Mehdi Sharif, Ahmad Daryani, Fatemeh Hosseini , Abdol Sattar Pagheh, Masoumeh Rahimi, Mohtaram Nasrolahi,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (3-2017)

Background: Raw (fresh) vegetables are an important ingredient of healthy diet. Many enteric bacterial, parasitic and viral pathogens could be transmitted by vegetables. Mazandaran province is located in northern Iran with a coastal area and extensive fields for vegetable cultivation. The current study is designed to evaluate the parasitic contamination of fresh vegetables.

Methods: A total of 150 samples of fresh vegetables obtained from markets were examined for parasitic infections using standard methods.

Results: Out of 104 samples (60.3%) were contaminated with parasites. Parsley and radish with prevalence rates of 90% (18/20) and 39.1% (9/23) were the most and least contaminated vegetables. Free living larva and Trichostrongylus were the most and least common parasites in our results.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that parasitological contamination of raw vegetables may be a health threat to consumers of such products.

Zabihollah Gharlipour, Siamak Mohebi, Gholamreza Sharifirad, Javad Yadegari,
Volume 4, Issue 2 (5-2018)

Background: Antiretroviral treatment could reduce the mortality rate of HIV and prevent the disease progression and prolonging their life span. The present study aimed to assess the effects of education based on expanded health belief model on the treatment adherence of AIDS patients.
Methods: This study was conducted on 72 AIDS patients. The subjects were divided into two groups of intervention and control. Data were collected using a questionnaire and Morisky medication adherence scale. After the pre-test, training sessions were implemented for the intervention group. Post-test was completed after three months. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 22 using independent t-test, Chi-square, and univariate analysis of covariance.
Results: No significant differences were observed in perceived susceptibility (P = 0.19), perceived benefits (P = 0.31), perceived barriers (P = 0.92), perceived self-efficacy (P = 0.14), and perceived social support (P = 0.15). However, significant differences were denoted in perceived severity (P = 0.01) and treatment adherence (P < 0.01) between intervention and control group in the post-test phase.
Conclusion: According to the results, the expanded health belief model could be used in the training of AIDS patients to enhance their health beliefs, which in turn increases their adherence to antiretroviral treatment.

Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Esmat Mohaghegh Sharifi, Tayebeh Rakhshani, Seyyedeh Sahar Hosseini,
Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2018)

Background: Thalassemia is the most prevalent genetic disorder in humans. It is caused by the deficient or lack of production of one of the globin chains. The present study aimed to evaluate the performance indicators of Behbahan Health Center, Iran in terms of the prevention of thalassemia major during 2006-2016.
Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on the couples referring to the pre-marriage counseling centers in Behbahan, Iran for premarital tests during 2006-2016. The participants were selected via census sampling.
Results: In total, 24,992 couples were screened, 0.33% of whom (n = 84) were suspected of thalassemia. Out of 84 couples, two cases declared marriage cancellation after electrophoresis. The results of the PND1 test indicated that in 96% of the couples (n = 73), the boy and girl both had thalassemia minor, while in 1.3% of the cases (n = 1), one of them had thalassemia minor, and in 6.2% (n = 2), they were both normal.
Conclusion: According to the results, 84 couples were carriers of thalassemia during 2006-2016. Eventually, all the cases with thalassemia major were aborted and prevented from birth.

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