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Showing 4 results for Zarei

Fatemeh Zarei, Amir Nassiri, Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Hadi Tehrani, Fatemeh Rakhshani, Mohammad Masoud Vakili,
Volume 1, Issue 3 (6-2016)

Background;It is important to know media and educational intervention and also produce them according to standards. Thus, media and health educational interventions should evaluate to improve education quality.
Methods;The study sample were whole produced media and interventions in all medical universities, deportments, offices, and centers affiliated to ministry of health in 2008 and in the first half of 2009. Sampling took a census. The evaluating tool was a checklist which made in four domains including pre-media, media and intervention specifications, production, and implementation, evaluation.

Results; 7.1% percent of media and interventions achieved 50 percent score in pre-media. The other results were respectively in media specification 63.7% percent, implementation and production 15.7% percent, and also evaluation 2.9% percent.Intervention just evaluated in pre-media.
Conclusion; The results of the evaluation in health education media indicate that the IEC cycle (Information, Education, Communication) in health care system is an incomplete process. Meanwhile regardless of prerequisite the scoped phase will implicate and lead to educational budget dissipation.

Maryam Khazaee-Pool, Fatemeh Zarei,
Volume 1, Issue 4 (9-2016)

Background; Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is an evidence-based approach for opiate addiction treatment. While its effectiveness in reducing opiate use has been evidently verified, unanswered questions with respect to the cultural scenarios for MMT programs remain unanswered. This study was conducted to explore understanding address MMT initiation among a women-recruited sample of persons who use Opiate.
Methods; Qualitative in-depth interviews were used in purposeful and maximum variation sampling. All participants recruited for interview in 60-90 minutes were 17 women with opiate addiction experience from three MMT clinics in Sari capital city of Mazandaran, Iran. We applied a content analysis with a conventional approach for analyzing and finding addicted women perception towards MMT.
Results; To answer the main concern of the research team about how Iranian Opiate- addicted women perceived the MMT. The results were categorized into six main themes including Service Providers’ Support, Stigma in Society, Fear of Rejection, Long waiting time, Family Support, and Methadone’ Side Effects.
Conclusion; The results revealed that there are several perceived reasons beyond personal and psychological factors. The contextual experience acts as important cues that might encourage or deter drug users toward MMT.

Mostafa Pouyakian , Rozita Farhadi , Mohammad Javad Jafari , Fatemeh Zarei ,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (6-2017)

Background: Nowadays, the reduction of incidents, their effects and their consequences have become one of the priorities of organizations. Despite all the efforts made in various sectors to reduce events, every year, there are many events that threaten industrial societies. In order to mitigate the effects of these incidents, prediction and planning are critical to dealing with them. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of explosion of 1-butane reservoir in a polymer complex based on an analysis of the outcome using the PHAST software.
Methods: This study was conducted in one of the Kermanshah petrochemical complexes in 2016. Necessary geographic information and other basic information were collected. 16 probable scenarios were selected and consequences modeling was done by PHAST software.
Results: The modeling results showed that full rupture scenarios and leakage scenarios from the 150 mm hole are the most dangerous scenarios.
Conclusion: The results of modeling showed that the larger the leakage size, the associated consequences would be more dangerous and consequently more losses. Due to the capabilities of studied company and the readiness level of the company, it has the ability to respond to the first scenario to some extent.


Mansour Rezazadehazari, Fatemeh Sahatfardi, Fatemeh Zarei, Sosan Salehpour, Hamid Soori, Mohammad Ranjbarian,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (3-2020)

Background: Brick manufacturing produces dust, occupationally exposing workers to hazardous substances (e.g., silica dust). Iran is a ceramic exporter. Few studies have assessed the exposure of workers to silica dust. This study investigated occupational exposure to crystalline silica dust, total respiratory dust, and spirometry performance in traditional and mechanical brick factories.
Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 70 workers in two brick factories (case) and 70 workers in a food industry (control) in 2016, who were monitored for crystalline silica and respirable dust exposure (NIOSH No.7602 and No.600). The exposure of 40 workers in the mechanical brick factory and 30 workers in the traditional brick factory to respirable crystalline silica and dust was compared with the controls. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 19.
Results: The mean respirable crystalline silica and general dust exposure in the mechanical and traditional brick factories was 0.47, 18.43, 0.651, and 28.27 mg/m3, respectively. The cases (brick factory) had lower FEV1%, FVC%, FEV1/FVC%, and PEF% indices compared to the controls.
Conclusion: The mean substance exposure was above the occupational limits. The pulmonary capacities in the traditional and mechanical brick factories had no significant difference. However, the pulmonary function capacities were significantly lower than the controls.

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