Volume 25, Number 109 (4-2017)                   zumsj 2017, 25(109): 130-139 | Back to browse issues page


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Heidari Z, Taremian F, Khalatbari J. The Effect of Modified Alpha-Theta Neurofeedback Protocol on Instant Craving in Opioid Users. zumsj. 2017; 25 (109) :130-139
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-4104-en.html

Abstract:   (1536 Views)

Background and Objective: Currently mulitifactorial etiology of addiction have caused concurrent use of different methods in treatment process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of modified alpha-theta protocol on drug craving among male Opioid addicts.

Materials and Methods: By using a pretest-posttest method, 20 opiate dependent patients who were referred to methadone treatment centers, were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group after completing a “Desire for Drug Questionnaire”. The experimental group received 20 sessions of neurofeedback therapy during their methadone treatment. The Control group received only methadone medication. Finally, the participants in both groups completed “the Desire for Drug Questionnaire” for the second time.  Data was analyzed using the mean of differences method.

Results: The results showed that in comparison to control group, modified alpha-theta protocol is more effective in decreasing the intensity of craving (d=18, P<0.0001).

Conclusion: Neurofeedback therapy in tandem with medication is more effective than only using medication   for reducing opioid craving.

Full-Text [PDF 165 kb]   (410 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2016/12/12 | Accepted: 2016/12/12 | Published: 2016/12/12

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