Volume 25, Issue 113 (8-2017)                   zumsj 2017, 25(113): 43-57 | Back to browse issues page

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Baluchnejadmojarad T, Roghani M, Kazemloo P. The Role of Acetylcholine Nicotinic Receptors, Protein Kinase B and Protein Kinase M on the Protective Effect of Rosmarinic Acid in Beta Amyloid (25-35) Induced Rat Model of Alzheimer’s Disease. zumsj. 2017; 25 (113) :43-57
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-4792-en.html
Abstract:   (3270 Views)
Background and Objective: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases and results from the extracellular accumulation of b-amyloid peptides and the resulting neuronal dysfunction. In this study, the role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, protein kinase B (PKB) and protein kinase M (PKM) were evaluated in order to examine the mechanism of the protective effects of rosmarinic acid in a rat model of Alzheimer’s disease.
Materials and Methods: Animals[vog1]  were divided into 6 groups consisting of 1) Sham, 2) Beta amyloid, 3) Rosmarinic acid pretreated beta amyloid (25 mg/kg), 4-6) Rosmarinic acid and PKM inhibitor, PKB inhibitor and acetylcholine receptor inhibitor pretreated beta amyloid. Two weeks post-surgery, behavioral (alternation percent in Y maze and step through latency in passive avoidance task) and histochemical (hippocampal malondialdehyde and neuronal density measurement) studies were performed.
Results: Pretreatment of beta amyloid animals with rosmarinic acid considerably alleviated the behavioral and histochemical disturbances related to the hippocampus. In this group, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and PKB inhibitors decreased step through latency (p<0.001) and increased hippocampal malondialdehyde levels (p<0.001). In addition, PKB inhibitors decreased hippocampal neuronal density in rosmarinic acid pretreated beta amyloid rats (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, it seems that in this experimental model of Alzheimer’s disease the protective effects of rosmarinic acid were derived from its antioxidant properties and partially via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, PKB and PKM.

 [vog1]Which animals??
How many???
Full-Text [PDF 432 kb]   (717 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2017/08/26 | Accepted: 2017/08/26 | Published: 2017/08/26

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