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Volume 5, Issue 21 (12-1997)
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Volume 6, Issue 22 (3-1998)
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Volume 6, Issue 24 (9-1998)
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Volume 7, Issue 28 (9-1999)
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Volume 8, Issue 32 (9-2000)
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M ٍeskandari, S Mazloumzadeh, M Hakami, N Tajiknia, A Dabiriosoei, G Kolifarhood,
Volume 20, Issue 83 (8-2012)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Immobility has unfavorable effects on our body physiology, including the respiratory system. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of physical training course on pulmonary function during the course of one semester, using respiratory function indices by the spirometric test in female students at Zanjan University of Medical Sciences (ZUMS). Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 141 ZUMS female students who had entered the university and took the first physical training course in September 2009. All participants underwent a systematic exercise training program during the full course of the semester. In the last session of the physical training course and prior to any physical activity, the spirometric test based on FEF25-75%, FEV1/FVC, FVC, PEFR, and FEV1 indices was carried out three times per capita in the same manner as it was done at beginning of the semester. Finally, the spirometric test results of the beginning and end periods were compared by paired t-test. Results: Passing a course of physical training led to a significant increase in all of the pulmonary function indices (P<0.0001). The maximum and minimum mean differences among indices were attributed to PEF/PPEF and FEV1/FCV, respectively. Conclusion: Considering the prolonged periods of immobility due to intensive study for the university entrance exam, a course of physical training had a remarkably positive impact on the outcome of pulmonary function in female students of ZUMS.


V Moini, F Ramezani Badr, A Avazeh, M Jalalzadeh, M Hakami, M Akhlaghi,
Volume 22, Issue 92 (5-2014)
Abstract

Background and Objective: It seems that using a combination of aerobic and anaerobic exercises (resistance exercises) can induce beneficial physical, psychological, and social effects on hemodialysis patients who are encountered with various stressors. This study aimed to determine the effect of combined aerobic and anaerobic exercises on quality of life in hemodialysis patients. Materials and Methods: In this study we used a pre and post semi-experimental design with two comparison groups. The subjects consisted of 74 patients from two hemodialysis centers affiliated to Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. All subjects were randomly allocated into two groups. Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form (KDQOL-SF) was used to assess quality of life in patients with kidney disease. Results: The results showed that the mean and standard deviation of quality of life before the intervention in the combined exercises group was 47.7 ± 15.56 and in the aerobic exercise group was 41.1 ± 11.51. But after the intervention, the mean and standard deviation of quality of life in the combined exercises group increased to 77.1±28.06 and in the aerobic exercise group increased to 56.4 ± 12.78 indicating significant differences between the two groups (P<0.0001). Both aerobic and combined exercises increased quality of life in hemodialysis patients. Though, the effect of the combined exercises during the hemodialysis was outstanding in enhancing quality of life in hemodialysis patients in comparison to aerobic exercises alone. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the aerobic exercises, especially combined exercises in hemodialysis patients may lead to an increase in their quality of life.


A Damirchi, H Chiti, S Faghihzadeh, M Hakmai Zanjani,
Volume 25, Issue 113 (8-2017)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Lifestyles comprising of physical inactivity coupled with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and pre-diabetes are the major global public health challenges. Recently, sport sciences have garnered attention as to find new methods for the prevention and treatment of diabetes. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of combined exercise on impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance and HbA1c in pre-diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods: 30 men with pre-diabetes voluntarily took part in this study and were divided into two groups: pre-diabetes exercise and pre-diabetes control. The pre-diabetes exercise group participated in an aerobic (40 to 70 percent of VO2max) and resistance exercise (50 to 70 percent of 1RM) program for 8 weeks. The control group continued their daily activities and normal life. Changes in the serum levels of fasting glucose, two-hour glucose tolerance and HbA1c were then compared between the groups.
Results: At the end of the study, fasting glucose levels, two-hour glucose tolerance and the percentage of HbA1c were significantly improved in the pre-diabetes exercise group. Fasting glucose levels, two-hour glucose tolerance and the percentage of HbA1c did not decrease in the control group.
Conclusion: Aerobic and resistance exercise are effective on impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance and glycosylated hemoglobin A in pre-diabetes patients. This effective method could bring
pre-diabetes patients closer to their therapeutic targets regarding FBS, OGTT and glycosylated hemoglobin A.  In this study aerobic and resistance exercise possibly prevent the progression of pre-diabetes and multiple complications of type 2 diabetes. However, further studies are needed to draw firm conclusions.
 
 

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