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Showing 9 results for سلطانی

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Volume 2, Issue 5 (12-1994)
Abstract


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Volume 2, Issue 7 (6-1994)
Abstract


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Volume 11, Issue 43 (Jun 2003)
Abstract


F Soltani, F Daryanoosh, M Salesi, M Mohamadi, H Jafari, A Soltani,
Volume 21, Issue 89 (8-2013)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ with the ability to produce and release a variety of cytokines such as free fat acid, leptin, adiponectin, visfatin, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). The purpose of this study was to investigate the probable changes in visfatin, IL-6 and TNF-α on female rats after 8 weeks of intense aerobic exercises. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted on 45 sprague dawley rats with mean age of 2 months and mean weight of 220±20 g. In order to determine the pre-test variables, 15 rats were killed and blood samples were taken from their hearts. Then, the rest of the rats were randomly divided into two groups of control (n=15) and training (n=15). The training group did the exercises 5 days a week for 8 weeks on Rodents' treadmill. Results: There were significant differences in plasma levels of visfatin and IL-6 in training and control groups (P=0.0001). This significant difference was found in the training group rather than the control or pre-test groups (P=0.0001). Furthermore, no significant difference was observed in TNF-α changes between the groups (P<0.05). Conclusion: Exercise has the potential to decrease visfatin plasma levels and bring about changes in the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, it can be stated that the training program may prevent and improve inflammatory diseases, obesity, diabetes and insulin resistance.


R Soltani Shal, Hr Aghamohammadian Sharbaf,
Volume 23, Issue 96 (3-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objective: In recent decade cardiovascular diseases have been one of the main causes of death in the world. One of its insidious forms is coronary heart disease. There are number of factors that may contribute to incidence of coronary heart disease and physical and its psychological side effects. The present study investigates whether type D personality, emotional intelligence, stress and coping styles could predict psychopathology in coronary heart disease patients. Following this, we discuss the importance of psychotherapy in treatment of patients with heart disease. Materials and Methods: Participants (n=180) filled out the questionnaires of Type D personality, Coping Style, the Perceived Stress Scale, the Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire and Psychopathology Scale. Regression analysis was used to test if each one of these factors could significantly predict psychopathology in coronary heart disease patients. Results: The results indicated the predictors had the potential to account for 73% of the variance (R2 =.737, F=68.18, p<.01). Moreover, the results pointed out to low scores of psychopathology among coronary heart disease patients in Type D personality, stress and emotional coping style while high scores related to emotional intelligence and problem solving coping style. Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed that the psychological factors have prominent role in predisposing to heart disease as well as its intensification along with its side effects. Psychotherapy application in pre and post episode of disease has important role in treatment and decreasing of psychological side effects and improving the quality of life. Therefore, trainings on stress management, adaptive coping styles and EQ education can reduce coronary heart disease and subsequent mortality as well as psychopathology. References 1- Sabahi F, Akbarzadeh Tootoonchi M. Comparative evaluation of risk factors in coronary heart disease based on fuzzy probability-validity modeling. J Zanjan Univ Med Sci. 2014 22: 73-83. 2- Seema P, Kini LKD. Overview of health status quality-of-life measures review article. J Dermato Clin. 2012 30: 209-21. 3- Cepeda B, Cheong AP, Lee A, Yan BP. Measuring health related quality of life in coronary heart disease: the importance of feeling well. Int J Cardiol. 2011 149: 4-9. 4- Wan C, Jiang R, Tu XM, et al. The hypertension scale of the system of quality of life instruments for chronic diseases, QLICD-HY: a development and validation study. Int J Nurs Stud. 2012 49: 465-80. 5- Kim MY, Johnson J, Sawatzky R, Jillings C. Relationship between types of social support, coping strategies, and psychological distress in individuals living with congenital heart disease. Canadian J Cardiol. 2011 27: 340. 6- Beatriz Cepeda-Valery APC, Andrea Lee, Bryan P. Yan. Measuring health related quality of life in coronary heart disease: the importance of feeling well. Int J Cardiol. 2011 149: 4-9. 7- Nourooz- Zadeh J, Eftekhar E, Haghparast F, Khademwatan, Ekhlasmand M. Evaluation of measures of oxidative stress in patients with proven coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with normal persons. J Zanjan Univ Med Sci. 2007 15: 47-56. 8- Bhimaraj A, Tang WH. Role of oxidative stress in disease progression in stage B, a Pre-cursor of Heart Failure. Heart Fail Clin. 2012 8: 101-11. 9- Pelle A, Broek K, Szabo B, Kupper N. The relationship between type D personality and chronic heart failure is not confounded by disease severity as assessed by BNP. Int J Cardiol. 2010 145: 82-3. 10- Hill EM, Maggi S. Emotional intelligence and smoking: protective and risk factors among Canadian young adults. J Pers Indivi Diff. 2011 51: 45-50. 11- Day RC, Freedland KE, Carney RM. Effects of anxiety and depression on heart disease attributions. Int J Behav Med. 2005 12: 24-29. 12- Soltani Shal R. Aghamohammadian Sharbaf HR .Survey the prevalence of psychopathology in coronary heart disease patients: a casual model based on analysis of the role of psychological factors. Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care. 2013 2: 56-71. 13- Vahedian Azimi A, Sadeghi M, Movafegh A, et al. The relationship between perceived stress and the top five heart disease characteristics in patients with myocardial infarction. J Zanjan Univ Med Sci. 2012 20: 100-112. 14- Koohestani H, Zand S, Baghcheghi N, Rezai K. Frequency of risk factors for atherosclerosis in children with family history of premature myocardial infarction. J Zanjan Univ Med Sci. 2009 17: 35-44. 15- Cunningham J, McCrum-Gardner E. Power, effect and sample size using Gpower: practical issues for researchers and members of research ethics committees. J Evidence Based Midwifery. 2007 5: 132-6. 16- Froozandeh N, Dalaram M. Effects of cognitive behavional therapy on the coping strategies of non- medical students of shahrekord-university of medical sciences. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2003 5: 26-34. 17- Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R. A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Soc Behav. 1983 24: 385-96. 18- Marani M. standardization of petridze and farenham emotional intelligence questionnaire in university and high school students of Isfahan city (Persian). Isfahan: University of Isfahan. 2003. 19- Ahmadi Poor Mobarake A. The construction and validation of type D personality and it's relation with coronary heart disease. J Know Res App Psychol. 2007 32: 37-60. 20- WHOQOL group. Development of the world health organization WHOQOL-BREF. Quality of life assessment. J Psychol Med. 1998: 551-8. 21- Nejat S, Montazeri A Naieni K, Mohammad K, Majdzadeh SR. Validation and normalization world health organization quality of life questionnaire. The word health organization quality of life questionnaire: translation and validation study of the Iranian version. 2006 4: 1-12. 22- Najarian B, Davodi I. Structuring and validating Scl-25. Short form of scl-90. J Psychol. 2000 18: 136-149. 23- Seldenrijk A, Avijit P, Brenda W, Steptoe A. Psychological distress, cortisol stress response and subclinical coronary calcification. J Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2012 37: 48-55. 24- Yu DSF, Thompson DR, Yu CM, Pedersen SS, Denollet J. Validating the type D personality construct in Chinese patients with coronary heart disease. J Psychosom Res. 2010 69: 111-8. 25- Alipour A, Ahmadi Azghandi A, Mahabadi Z. The predictive role of emotional intelligence in cardiovascular disease: considerations in prevention area. Quarterly J Health Psychol. 2012 1: 32-45. 26- Lopez C, Antoni M, Penedo F, et al. A pilot study of cognitive behavioral stress management effects on stress, quality of life, and symptoms in persons with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Psychosom Res. 2012 70: 328-34. 27- Pourang P, Besharat MH. An investigation of the relationship between coping styles and psychological adaptation with recovery process in a sample of coronary heart disease patients. J Procedia - Soc Behav Sci. 2011: 171-5. 28- Richardson S, Shaffer JA, Falzon L, Krupka D, Davidson KW, Edmondson D. Meta-analysis of perceived stress and its association with incident coronary heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 2012 110: 1711-6. 29- Humphrey LL, Fu R, Rogers K, Freeman M, Helfand M. Homocysteine level and coronary heart disease incidence: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Mayo Clin Proc. 2008 83: 1203-12. 30- Rhee H, Jeon YK, Kim SS, et al. Adrenocorticotropic hormone-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia with abnormal cortisol secretion mediated by catecholamines. Korean J Intern Med. 2014 29: 667-70. 31- Akbari M, Mahmood Aliloo M, Aslanabadi N. Relationship between stress and coping styles with coronary heart disease: role of gender factor. Iran J Psychaitry clin Psychol. 2010 15: 368-76. 32- Denollet J, Depotter BR. Coronary heart disease and repressive coping in women with coronary heart disease. Int J Cardiol. 2003 75: 25-41. 33- Mayon R, Beryant B. Quality of life in cardiovascular disease. Br Heart J. 1993 69: 460-6. 34- Jamieson M. Factors influencing health related quality of life in cardiac rehabilitation patient. Prog Cardiovasc Nurs. 2002 17: 124-31. 35- Karner A, Goransson A, Bergdahl B. Conceptions on treatment and lifestyle in patients with coronary heart disease - a phenomenographic analysis. Patient Educ Couns. 2004 47: 137-43.


Z Soltani, M Khamse, H Chiti, M Valizadeh, S Mazloomzadeh,
Volume 23, Issue 99 (6-2015)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Previous studies indicate an inverse association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D level with obesity, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular events. This study was aimed to assess metabolic syndrome correlation with serum Vit-D levels of physicians in Zanjan city (Iran). Materials and Methods: In an analytical cross-sectional study, a total of 108 physicians were selected and their 25-hydroxyvitamin D status, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride and HDL were assessed using venous blood. Metabolic syndrome was defined based on ATPIII criteria. Data was analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The mean serum 25(OH) D concentration was 23.40±23.72 ng/ml and its median level was 17.65 ng/ml. 25 (OH) D concentrations <20 ng/ml was observed in 62% of the participants. The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome for the whole sample was 21.2%. The most prevalent components of metabolic syndrome were hypertriglyceridemia and low HDL with a prevalence of 55.6% and 38%, respectively. Significant correlative difference was found between serum 25(OH) D levels and triglyceride (P = 0.009). Conclusion: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome among physicians in Zanjan was lower than general population. A significant association between serum levels of Vitamin D and triglyceride was detected, which may be due to higher BMI. References 1- Hoseinnejad A, Maghbuli ZH, Mirzaie KH, Karimi F, Larijani B. Relation of vitamin D3 level with metabolic syndrome among Iranian adult populations. Iran J Diabetes Lipid. 2009 9: 383-9. 2- Expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults. executive summary of the third report of the national cholesterol education program (NCEP) JAMA. 2001 285-97. 3- Chiu KC, Chu A, Go VL, Saad MF. Hypovitaminosis D is associated with insulin resistance and beta cell dysfunction. Am J Clin Nut. 2004 79: 820-5. 4- Bonakdaran S, Varasteh A, Khajeh-Dalouie M. Serum 25 hydroxy vitamin D3 and laboratory risk markers of cardiovascular diseases in type 2 diabetic patients. Iran J Endocrin Metab. 2010 504-9. 5- Chagas C, Borges M, Rogero L. Focus on vitamin D, inflammation and type 2 diabetes. J Nutrients. 2012 4: 52-67. 6- Tohru Funahashi,Yuji Matsuzawa, Shinji Kihara. Adiponectin as a potential key player in metabolic syndrome insights into atherosclerosis, diabetes and cancer. International Congress Series1262 2004 368-71 7- Wang C, Pereira R, Hosoka P, et al. Association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D and adiponectin levels in hypertensive subjects. Eur J Endocrinol. 2011 164: 995-1002. 8- Chacko S, Song Y, Manson J, et al. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in relation to cardiometabolic risk factors and metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. The Am J Clin Nut. 2011 94 209-17. 9- Ziaee A, Hashemipoor S, Karimzadeh T, Jalalpoor A, Javadi A. Relation of vitamin D3 Serum level with metabolic syndrome indices among patients with diabetes and non-diabetic individuals. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2012 12: 149-56. 10- Yilmaz H, Kaya M, Sahin M, Delibasi T. Is vitamin D status a predictor glycaemic regulation and cardiac complication in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients?. J Diabetes Metab Clin Res Rev. 2012 253: 350-4. 11- Sharifi F, Mousavinasab N, Saeini M, Dinmohammadi M. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an adult urban population of the west of iran. Expert Diabetes Res. 2009 140-5. 12- Hurskainen AR, Virtanen JK, Tuomainen TP, Nurmi T, Voutilainen S. Association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D with type 2 diabetes and markers of insulin resistance in a general older population in Finland. J Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2012 28 418-23. 13- Park HY, Lim YH, Kim JH, Bae S, Oh SY, Hong YC. Association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with markers for metabolic syndrome in the elderly: a repeated measure analysis.journal of Korean medical science. 2012 27 653-660. 14- Ford E, Ajani U, Mcguire L, Liu S. Concentrations of serum vitamin d and the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults. J Diabetes care. 2005 28 1228-30. 15- Salekzamani S, Neyestani TR, Alavi-Majd H, et al. Is vitamin D status a determining factor for metabolic syndrome? J Diabetes Metab Obes. 2011 4 205-12.


H Chiti, E Shakibi , Z Soltani, S Mazloomzadeh, Sn Mousavinasab,
Volume 24, Issue 102 (3-2016)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Metabolic syndrome comprises a collection of metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance, hypertension, dyslipidemia and central obesity. Patients with this syndrome are highly predisposed for mortality due to cardiovascular disease. The importance of prompt diagnosis of metabolic syndrome threatening the population of physicians and their health which stand in a close relationship to the health of the entire society led us to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and  cardiovascular risk factors among physicians of Zanjan city.

Materials and Methods: This cross- sectional study included 321 physicians (182 men and 139 women). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was evaluated based on ATPIII criteria. Moreover, prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was evaluated and the collected data were analyzed using SPSS 11.5 software.

Results: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 18.7%. Hypertriglyceridemia and low-HDL were the most common components of metabolic syndrome in men and women, respectively. Also, low physical activity was the most common risk factor in both genders. This study enlightened that the risk of developing metabolic syndrome in male physicians exceeded females.

Conclusion: In regard to the obtained results, provision of some facilities with a superior focus on the treatment of correctable disorders and inhibiting progression of the risk factors especially in male physicians is recommended.


, , , ,
Volume 26, Issue 114 (3-2018)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Metabolic syndrome encompasses a series of metabolic disorders associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Currently, some studies are performed on the effects of physical activity as an alternative treatment for metabolic syndrome. To this end, the present study was set to assess the probable effects of continuous and interval aerobic trainings on metabolic syndrome among the elderly men.
Materials and methods: 60 eligible elderly men were selected and assigned to three groups of:  continuous training, interval training and the control. The initial blood samples were taken to record cardiovascular risk factors. After 48 hours, the subjects in the experimental group performed pre-designed training for 6 weeks and 3 sessions per week and the control group continued their daily activities. At the end of the training, further blood samples were taken again. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, Scheffe post hoc and dependent t-test.
Results: Findings of this study revealed that after six weeks of continuous aerobic exercise training, systolic blood pressure, blood sugar and triglycerides significantly decreased. However, waist circumference and HDL did not show any significant change. The findings of this study showed significant changes in blood sugar, triglycerides and HDL in the interval training group. However, blood pressure and waist circumference did not indicate any significant changes.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this research, it can be asserted that both methods of aerobic training positively affect blood glucose and triglyceride signifying that interval aerobic exercise plays a major role in   increasing HDL, while continuous aerobic exercise reduces systolic blood pressure.
 
 
Molaei B, Fallah R, Kazemi A, Rashtchi V, Soltani S,
Volume 26, Issue 117 (9-2018)
Abstract

Background and Objective: The cesarean section is one of the most common surgical procedures performed today. Two common complications are pain and bleeding which, if incorrectly controlled, may develop into increased complications. The aim of this research was to compare the effects of diclofenac suppository and intravenous paracetamol on post-cesarean pain and bleeding.
Methods and Materials: In this clinical trial, 88 patients (ASA class I and II, 15-45 years old) who underwent elective cesarean under spinal anesthesia were randomly divided into two groups.In the first group,100 mg diclofenac suppository was administered and in the second group 1g IV paracetamol in 100 ML normal saline was administered immediately after transfer to recovery section and repeated every 6 hours for 24 hours. Pain assessment was done by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before intervention and after 6, 12, 18 and 24 hours. The control of postpartum hemorrhage was assessed by clinical examination, measurement of Hemoglobin 6 and 12 hours after surgery and Pad Score. Data were analyzed by repeated measures and independent t-test via SPSS 16.
Results: The mean score of pain and severe bleeding in the paracetamol group was significantly lower than in the diclofenac group (p<0.05).
Conclusion:According to the results of this study, intravenous paracetamol is more effective than diclofenac suppository in controlling post-cesarean pain and bleeding.
 
 

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