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Showing 4 results for Rajabi

Mr Palizvan, A Esmaeili, H Rajabian, Y Jand, E Mirzazadeh,
Volume 14, Issue 56 (Sep 2006)

Background & Objective: Regarding the high prevalence of epileptic seizures, its complications and the necessity to control them, this study was carried out in order to assess the role of progesterone administration in newborn rats on Pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) kindling susceptibility after maturity. Materials & Methods: This experimental study was carried out on 32 newborn Wistar rats. Rats were randomly divided into four groups, which are as follows: progesterone-injected females, progesterone-injected males, sesamoid-injected females and sesamoid-injected males. Progesterone and sesamoid groups were injected with progesterone (100 mg/Kg) and sesamoid (100 mg/Kg) respectively. Sixty days after injection chemical kindling in the rats was analyzed by PTZ administration. Results: Progesterone significantly increased the susceptibility for PTZ kindling in female rats however it did not have a significant effect on seizure parameters in male rats. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that chronic administration of progesterone can only increase susceptibility for chemical kindling in female rats and not in the males.

S Nabavi, Mh Behzad Moghadam, Mh Arab Hosseini, M Vaezi, R Rajabi,
Volume 19, Issue 75 (4-2011)

Background and Objective: Hyperbilirubinemia is a common neonatal abnormality. Severe hyperbilirubinemia is a risk factor for auditory system injury. Auditory brainstem responses (ABR) are important in early diagnosis of hearing impairments in healthy term infants with elevated bilirubin levels requiring exchange transfusion. Materials and Methods: During a two- year- period (2007 – 2009), in a prospective descriptive analytical study, in Tehran Milad Hospital, 64 (32 female, 32 male), healthy term (> 37 weeks) infants, who required treatment or were treated with phototherapy or received exchange transfusion for elevated bilirubin levels or jaundice, were studied. After obtaining a written consent from their parents, the infants were tested with auditory brain responses and results were analyzed using SPSS 16 software. Results: No significant correlation was found between ABR and age, weight, bilirubin level or ABO blood group. Nineteen out of 64 infants received exchange transfusion. Three out of 19 infants (16%) exhibited abnormal ABR and 16 infants (84%) had normal ABR. There was no significant correlation between exchange transfusions and ABR (P>0.05). Conclusion: The results pointed out that 14% of the infants with elevated bilirubin who required exchange transfusion had abnormal ABR. This indicates that elevated bilirubin levels even without inducing kernicterus should be considered as risk factors for hearing impairments. Further studies are needed on how long these tests may remain abnormal.

N Rjabi Gilan, Sr Ghaeemi, S Reshadat, S Rajabi Gilan,
Volume 21, Issue 88 (7-2013)

Backgrounds and Objectives: Different studies have shown a relationship between social capital and health. The aim of this paper was to survey about the relation between social capital and health-related quality of life (QOL) among teachers. Materials and Methods: In this cross -sectional study, our target community was 375 people that were selected by Multi-stage cluster sampling method. For assessment of Social Capital Onyx and Bullen (2000) were used, and for assessing health-related QOL SF-36 questionnaires were used respectively. Data were analyzed with independent T, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and Regression tests. Results: The mean age of respondents was 40.7±5.26 and based on gender 51.9% of them were male. Mean and SD of total QOL and total social capital scores were 64.52±17.02 and 71.21±16.74 respectively. Pearson correlation test showed that there was a significant correlation between total social capital with total health-related QOL(r =0/153 p<0.004), cognitive social capital with physical health(r = 0/136 p<0.011) and also communicative social capital with mental health(r = 0/133 p<0.012). There was significant relationship between structural social capital and both dimensions of health-related QOL: physical health(r = 0/146, p=0.006) and mental health(r = 0/156, p=0.003). Also regression analysis showed that variables of "gender", "marital status" and "age" have not impact on the relationship between social capital and QOL and have been removed from model, but "income" was an effective variable in the main relationship of the research. Conclusion: Our finding showed that there was positive correlation between social capital and health-related QOL among teachers. It appears that focus voluntary groups activities could increases trust and personal network, and its issue could improve mental and physical health of teachers.
B Fouladi, Mh Yadegari, M Rajabibazl, A Fazaeli, M Hashemzadeh Chaleshtori,
Volume 23, Issue 98 (5-2015)

Background and Objective: Candidiasis is one of the most important and common agents of vulvovaginitis in women. Various clinical manifestations of candidiasis in patients may be associated with different species of Candida. The present study was designed to accurately determine Candida species isolates from patients using culture methods and molecular analysis. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional analytical study, 350 patients with suspected vulvovaginal diseases who manifested various clinical symptoms were entered. Vaginal specimens from the patients were collected. Direct microscopy, primary and specific cultures using SDA, CRA and CMA media, germ tube test, as well as DNA based techniques targeting ITS1-5S-ITS2 fragment, were used for diagnosis and identification of Candida species. Results: 165 out of 350 patients (47.14%) were positive with Candida species including 71.5% recurrent candidiasis and 28.5% acute candidiasis. Characterization of the isolates in the specific sub-cultures and by PCR-RFLP resulted in identification of six different species consisted of Candida albicans (60.6%), C. dubliniensis (3.6%), C. glabrata (23%), C. krusei (10.9%), C. parapsilosis (0.6%) and C. tropicalis (1.2%). In the group consisting of 100 patients with C. albicans, 44% and 56% presented severe and mild to moderate clinical vulvovaginitis, respectively. In patients with non albicans candidiasis, 61.5% showed severe and 38.5% showed mild to moderate vulvovaginitis, significantly different from those of the former group (P =0.028). The results indicated significant involvement of some risk factors (i.e. diabetes and antibiotic consumption) in clinically different vaginal infections (P<0.0001) Conclusion: The study showed a high prevalence of candida infection in patients with vulvovaginitis in Southeast of Iran, involving several species, mostly C. albicans and C. glabrata. 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