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Showing 3 results for Craving

Zahra Heidari, Farhad Taremian, Javad Khalatbari,
Volume 25, Issue 109 (4-2017)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Currently mulitifactorial etiology of addiction have caused concurrent use of different methods in treatment process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of modified alpha-theta protocol on drug craving among male Opioid addicts.

Materials and Methods: By using a pretest-posttest method, 20 opiate dependent patients who were referred to methadone treatment centers, were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group after completing a “Desire for Drug Questionnaire”. The experimental group received 20 sessions of neurofeedback therapy during their methadone treatment. The Control group received only methadone medication. Finally, the participants in both groups completed “the Desire for Drug Questionnaire” for the second time.  Data was analyzed using the mean of differences method.

Results: The results showed that in comparison to control group, modified alpha-theta protocol is more effective in decreasing the intensity of craving (d=18, P<0.0001).

Conclusion: Neurofeedback therapy in tandem with medication is more effective than only using medication   for reducing opioid craving.


Mohsen Dadashi, Somaye Bastami, Zakaria Eskandari,
Volume 25, Issue 112 (7-2017)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Among the most challenging component of addiction are the craving and the cues related to the drug abuse which have made the treatment actions ineffective, thus resulting relaps. The aim of this study is to examine the effectivness of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation(tDCS) over left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on drug craving and attentional bias  symptoms in opium addictied males.

Materials and Methods: This was a Quasi-experimental work with pretest-posttest design. 44 patients were selected through convenient sampling and were randomly assigned into two exprimental and control groups. Before the treatment, both groups were tested through craving questionnaire and cmputerized emotional stroop test.The experimental group received a 20 minute electrical stimulation of the brain by stimulator with the intensity of 2 mA for 10 sessions. Aa the end, both groups were tested through craving questionnaire and cmputerized emotional stroop test and the data were analysed with MANCOVA and ANCOVA.

Results: The results showed that tDCS anodic left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex decreased craving level and reduced attentional bias in the experimental group compared to the control group in opium addicted males. (p<0/001). There was a significant difference between control and experimental groups.

Conclusion: The findings of this study could have important implications as regards drug craving reduction and attentional bias improvement in opium addicted males. Therefore,this treatment could be utilized in clinics for opium addicted males.


Abbas Hemmat, Mohsen Dadashi, Saeid Momtazi, Sadeideh Zenoozian, Jahangir Mohammadi Bytamar,
Volume 26, Issue 116 (7-2018)
Abstract

Background and Objective: Today in the third wave of psychotherapy, it is claimed that individuals with cognitive flexibility, awareness, and acceptance of thoughts can modify their feelings and behaviors. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of group therapy based on acceptance and commitment in the reduction of craving and the improvement of quality of life in addicts receiving methadone treatment.
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, the statistical population includes all male addicts receiving methadone treatment in Zanjan in 2015-2016. A sample of 30 subjects was selected through convenience sampling and later they were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. The intervention group participated in 8 sessions of 90-minutes group therapy based on acceptance and commitment.  Craving questionnaires of Franken et al. (2002) and quality of life (SF-36) were conducted in the form of pre-test, post-test and a quarterly follow-up period in both groups.
Results: Group therapy based on acceptance and commitment could effectively reduce craving and increase mental health (P <0.05). The effectiveness of this intervention in increasing physical health was not statistically significant (P> 0.05). The effects of group therapy based on acceptance and commitment on post-test craving and mental health in quality of life were significant in comparison to the control group and these effects remained stable over a quarterly follow-up period.
Conclusion: The present study showed that acceptance and commitment therapy is effective in decreasing craving and improving mental health.



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