Volume 7, Issue 2 (10-2017)                   PCNM 2017, 7(2): 49-57 | Back to browse issues page

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Yazdani R, Ahmadi S S, Mola K, Haghighi Zadeh M H, Fayazi S, Farokh Payam M. Effects of progressive muscle relaxation on the life quality of patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A clinical trial . PCNM. 2017; 7 (2) :49-57
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/nmcjournal/article-1-313-en.html
MSc. Dept. of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran , sadighe_fa@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (475 Views)
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease with a profound effect on the life quality of the patients due to its chronic, painful, and disabling nature.
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the effects of progressive muscle relaxation technique on life quality in RA patients.
Methods: This clinical trial was conducted in a rheumatologist office on 62 RA patients. The participants were randomly divided into two groups: progressive muscle relaxation group and control group. While the intervention group underwent a daily 20-minute relaxation period for 8 weeks, no intervention was given in the control group. Data were collected using a two part questionnaire including demographic characteristic form and SF-36 life quality questionnaire, completed at the beginning and the end of the intervention. Data analysed using Chi-square test, independent t-test and paired t-test with SPSS software version 19.
Results: The findings of the study showed that, in the experimental group, the mean score of life quality changed from 37.84 to 54.54 after the intervention (p=0.0001), while, in the control group, it altered from 37.47 to 43.20. There fore, the difference between the two groups was not considered as significant before intervention (p=0.112). Moreover, there was a significant difference between experimental and control groups regarding the six aspects of life quality including physical function (p=0.041), vitality (p=0.029), social function (p=0.017), mental health (p=0.001), general health (p=0.002), and psychological health (p=0.002). However, no significant difference was found in case of bodily pain (p=0.149) and physical constraint (p=0.82).
Conclusion: According to the findings, progressive muscle relaxation training could be an effective therapeutic method to improve quality of life in RA patients
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/02/24 | Accepted: 2018/02/18 | Published: 2018/02/18

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