Volume 7, Issue 3 (11-2017)                   PCNM 2017, 7(3): 47-55 | Back to browse issues page

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Safaei nezhad A, Rastegari L, Kharaghani R. Prevalence and Predictors of Cesarean Section in Zanjan-Iran During 2014-2016. PCNM. 2017; 7 (3) :47-55
URL: http://zums.ac.ir/nmcjournal/article-1-533-en.html
PhD. in Reproductive Health, Dept. of Midwifery, Assistant Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran , r.kharaghani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (409 Views)
Background: The increased prevalence of cesarean section (C–section) is a global epidemic.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and demographic, fertility, and childbirth-related factors of C–section in Zanjan province, Iran,-Zanjan province in the period sincefrom 21 March 2014 through theto 19 March 2016.
Methods: This study was a descriptive analytic study, carried out in the 2014–2016, which gathered 41, 265 registered childbirth data in Zanjan province hospitals and, from country electronic childbirth register system. Data were analyzed using descriptive, univariate and multivariate logistic binominal regression.
Results: according to the findings, Thethe prevalence of C–section was 40.1%. The odds of having C–section went up raised enhanced with increasing maternal age (OR=1.026), gravidity (OR=0.670), and gestational age (OR=0.093), while it decreased with an increased parity, end educational level up to high school graduate. decreased the odds of having C–section, while  In contrast, higher educational (OR=3.064) level increased the odds of having C–section. Living in the urban areas (OR=1.855) also increased the odds./degrees/rates/amouts of C–section. Diabetes (OR=1.990), preeclampsia or eclampsia  (OR=2.350), hypertension (OR=1.983), and thyroid disorders (OR=2.289) increased the odds of having C–section. Newborns with with low birth weight (OR=1) and macrosomia (OR=2.663), and boys (OR=1.107) were delivered more by via C–section. f Among the interventions during labor, induction (OR=1.131) and stimulation of labor (OR=0.269) reduced the odds of C–section (P<0.05).
Conclusion: C–section rate is very high in Iran and its association with different variables can be a basis for planning and policymaking in order to reduce the C–section rate, particularly in this Zanjan province.
Full-Text [PDF 575 kb]   (104 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/01/17 | Accepted: 2018/09/12 | Published: 2018/09/12

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