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Showing 3 results for Alhani

Gholam Reza Mahmoodi, Fateme Alhani, Manije Anousheh, Ghanbar Rouhi,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2011)

  Background and Objectives: Burnout is a syndrome usually found in health providers such as nurses and hospital employees. According to Maslach, burnout is a reflective physical and emotional exhaustion , depersonalization and personal accomplishment. Therefore, assessment of its related factors such as age, work duration, type of wards, and work schedule are very important.

  Material and Methods: This was a descriptive–analytical correlational study. The study was conducted among 272 nurses in hospitals. The research instrument was the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) questionnaire consisted of three parts including: 1) emotional exhaustion 2) depersonalization and 3) personal achievement with the Likert scoring scale. Data were analyzed using the SPSS.

  Results: There were 95 males and 177 females 60 singles and 206 married nurses. About 100 nurses had no children, and 33 nurses had three or more children. A majority of the participants were married. Most of the male (n=80), and female (n=156) nurses had BSc. educational level. The majority of the nurses had experience of clinical work in circular shifts. The study showed that 43.8% of the nurses had high level of emotional exhaustion burnout. In addition, there were significant relationships between severity and frequency of depersonalization with the number of children (p=0.001), position (p=0.008), and hospitals of different cities (p=0.022). There were also significant relationships between personal achievement and hospitals of different cities (p=0.02) and also depersonalization with employee (p=0.041).

  Conclusion : The results of this study showed that there were burnouts among nurses in dimension of e motional and depersonalization. There were also significant relationships between some family and professional factors.

Somaye Hamed Tavassoli , Fatemeh Alhani,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (7-2012)

Background and Objectives: Thalassemia is a chronic disease that affects the quality of life. Health care providers, especially nurses, have an effective role in enhancing the quality of life. This study aimed to investigate challenges nurses encounter in promoting the quality of life in children suffering from Thalassemia. Material and Methods: The descriptive study recruited nurses from four Thalassemia wards in Guilan using purposeful sampling method in 2007. Data were gathered using a questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaire was approved through content validity. The reliability of the questionnaire was measured using the Cronbach alpha ( =80%). Results: According to the results of the study, 11 major barriers were identified to promoting the quality of life in children suffering from Thalassemia. Nurses attributed the most important barriers to the individual–motivational problems. Conclusion: This study identified 11 major barriers. Prioritizing the barriers and meeting them should help the planners to provide solutions to the nurses' problems in promoting the quality of life of the children. The "empowering managers' program" is recommended as an effective program for promoting quality of life in children suffering from Thalassemia.

Fatemeh Teymouri, Fatemeh Alhani, Anoshiravan Kazemnejad,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (6-2017)

Background: Asthma is considered as the most common chronic disease of childhood that can cause missing school and daily limits. It can also have effects on physical, psychological, and social well-being in children. Therefore, improving two indicators of self-efficacy and self-esteem seem of utmost importance in this domain.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of family-centered empowerment model (FCEM) on self-efficacy and self-esteem in children with asthma.
Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 60 children along with their parents were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. Then, family-centered empowerment model was implemented for the experimental group lasting seven 30-minute sessions. After that, self-efficacy and self-esteem were similarly evaluated by distributing questionnaires in both groups before and after the intervention. Moreover, the data were analyzed using the SPSS Software as well as descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, independent t-test, and paired t-test).
Results: The self-efficacy scores of all children in the experimental group before (2.95±0.33) and after (3.97±0.49) the intervention showed a significant difference (P=0.0001). Meanwhile, a significant difference was observed in the self-esteem scores of all children in the experimental group before (0.62±0.13) and after (0.77±0.08) the intervention (P=0.0001), while self-efficacy scores of the individuals in the control group before (2.86±0.49) and after (2.88±0.40) the intervention suggested no significant difference (P=0.607) in this respect. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in self-efficacy scores of the control group before (0.67±0.17) and after (0.67±0.13) the intervention (P=0.845).
Conclusion: It seems that empowerment (FCEM) of children suffering from asthma can lead to increased self-efficacy and self-esteem and help them to have an efficient care, and also may result in improvements in their roles. Therefore, further studies are recommended in this domain.

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