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Showing 6 results for Heidari

Sara Shahbazi, Mohammad Heidari, Fatemeh Aliakbari, Mansoreh Goddosi,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (7-2012)

Background and Objectives: Fire risk is a potential risk in operating rooms. To have safety, fire risk management and its prerequisites including knowledge enhancement should be considered in operation rooms. The aim of this study was to determine knowledge of operating room staff about fire resources and fire prevention in Valiasr hospital, Boroujen. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 55 operating room staff were recruited from Valiasr hospital in Boroujen, 2011. Data were gathered using self-structured questionnaire including 20 items, scored between 0-20. Based on the questionnaire, the knowledge was categorized in four levels including: high (16-20), intermediate (11-15), weak (6 -10), and very weak (0-5). Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tests in the SPSS. Results: The results of this study showed that in 4.4% of staff, the knowledge level was high. Most of the staff had an intermediate level of knowledge (57.3%). A considerable number of the staff had weak and very week knowledge (26.4% and 11.9%, respectively). There were no training courses held on fire resources and fire prevention measurements. Conclusion: The level of knowledge about fire resources and fire prevention was inadequate among the operating room staff. It is recommended that operating room staff take training courses on the issue.

Miss Pouran Mokhtari Zanjani , Mrs Parvin Shiri GHeidari , Mrs Saeedeh Mazloomzadeh, Miss Farzaneh Zaheri, Miss Mahin Roohani,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (Nursing & Midwifery Care Journal 2013)

Background and Objectives: In recent years, premarital programs are considered to be important in order to promote the quality of married lives in our country. The aim of this study was to determine the pre-marital educational needs of couples referring to premarital education center of Zanjan. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 424 participants in pre-marriage counseling centers in zanjan, 2010. The questionnaire included demographic section and educational needs section that measured different subject of reproductive health, spousal relationships and Islamic rules and rights. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA and Kroscal Valiswere used for analyzing the data. Results: The need to education in all areas was higher than average in both groups. Comparing the scores showed no significant difference between males and females. The most important need in both groups was concerning the reproductive health. Conclusion: Regarding high education requirements in couples, it is necessary to modify the educational curriculums according to couples needs.

Masoumeh Moqaddam, Soudabeh Mehdizadeh, Vahid Pakpour, Nastaran Heidari Khayyat, Mahnaz Afshinjoo,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2013)

Background and Objectives: Obesity is a social dilemma. Lack of adequate physical activity in adolescence is one of the main causes of obesity. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the obesity and physical activity among female adolescents in west region of Tehran. Material and Methods: In this descriptive correlational study, 385 students were recruited to the study using the multistage random sampling. Physical activity status was assessed using the standardized 7-item physical activity questionnaire. The obesity status was calculated with body mass index and the Triceps skin-fold thickness according to the NHANES1. Data were analyzed using the ANOVA, Chi-squared test, Spearman correlation and Kappa coefficient in 95% confidence level. Results: According to the Triceps skin-fold thickness, 18 per cent of the participants were overweight and obese. This per cent was increased when the obesity was measured according to the body mass index (15 per cent). About half of the participants had low levels of physical activity. The third graders had the lowest levels of the physical activity. There were no statistically significant relationship between the anthropometric indices with the physical activity. Conclusion: High-graders had less physical activity. Physical activity should be encouraged among the students.

Neda Asadi, Zahra Royani, Mohammad Heidari, Mansureh Ghodusi Borujeni,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (9-2014)

Background and Objectives: Since nurses have an important role in caring for end-stage patients, their attitudes toward euthanasia is important to be considered. This study aimed to examine the attitudes of nurses who work in the ICUs and oncology wards towards euthanasia. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 205 nurses working in oncology wards and ICUs in teaching hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences were enrolled during June to November 2012. Data were gathered using the Euthanasia Attitude Scale (EAS) and demographic information list. The data were analyzed using the statistical methods in the SPSS version 16. Results: The mean score of the nurses' attitudes towards euthanasia was 58.51±14.19. The majority of nurses (n=163 79.5%) received a score less than 75, and were opposed to euthanasia. The regression analysis showed that one year of age increase made the attitude more negative (p<0.025). The attitude of nurses with more than 5 years of work experiences was 15.05 more negative than the nurses with work experiences less than 5 years (p>0.003). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that most nurses had negative views on euthanasia. It seems that further studies should be conducted to clarify determinants of the nurses’ attitudes and their roles in management of end-stage patients.

Alireza Heidari Someeh , Mitra Payami Bousari , Mahbobeh Malekmohamadi,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2017)

Background: Social confidence is considered an important element in entrepreneurship.

Objectives: Given the importance of employment and entrepreneurship of veterans, the present research aimed to determine the status of social confidence in veteran entrepreneurs of Zanjan Province.

Methods: In this survey. the statistical sample included all veteran entrepreneurs of Zanjan Province with an entrepreneurship file in Zanjan Employment Department from November 2013 to January 2014. The required data were collected using a two part questionnaire including demographic charactristics and social confidence scale of Saffarnia. Social confidence scale of Saffarnia consists of 5 dimensions of trust-based behavior, cooperative tendencies, openness, honesty, and trust. Both questionnaires were filled out by the respondents in a self-reporting manner. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics in SPSS-19.

Results: The mean age of respondents was 38.7±8.5. The results showed that 95%, 65%, and 85% of respondents were male, had a high school diploma, and aged over 60, respectively. All respondents were living in urban areas, employed, and married. The mean score of total social confidence was 86.05±5.81 with a range of 74-99. Among the dimensions of social confidence, cooperative tendencies and honesty ranked first and last, respectively.

Conclusion: Although the findings of the present study showed that the level of social confidence in veteran entrepreneurs of Zanjan Province is above the average, it seems that the development of entrepreneurial activities among this group of society needs more attention of officials to the provision of necessary conditions to promote social confidence.

Mitra Khoobi, Somaye Momenyan, Soriyeh Salimi, Amin Sheikhhaeri, Mohsen Farahabadi, Akram Barati, Saedeh Heidari, Mohsen Kazemi,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (6-2017)

Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common digestive system disorders. Life style factors may increase the risk of reflux disease.
Objectives: We aimed to estimate prevalence of reflux and related life style factors among the population live in Qom.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among 1500 residents of Qom-Iran in 2014. Individuals were selected through a multi-stage sampling. They completed two questionnaires: FSSG questionnaire for diagnosis of GERD and a general questionnaire to measure demographic and lifestyle factors.
Results: After data manipulation, 1130 individuals were analyzed in which 52/4% of them were female. Prevalence of GERD was 28%. The adjusted findings showed using PPIs (OR: 2.2, 95% CI: 2–5), taking H2RAs (OR: 4.7, 95% CI: 2.3–9. 4), the habit of quick eating (OR: 1.5, 95% CI: 1.1–2), extra salt consumption on daily meals (OR: 1.5, 95% CI: 1.05–2), lack of sleeping (OR: 2.6, 95% CI: 1.5–4.8), and consumption of white bread (OR: 1.7, 95% CI: 1.05–2.7) were related to increase the risk of GERD.
Conclusion: Our findings showed lifestyle factors such as the habit of quick eating, extra salt on regular meals, lack of sleeping and using white bread were associated with increased risk of GERD. However, the habit of midnight snack, having dinner just before bedtime, lack of breakfast, smoking, drinking tea and coffee were not associated with increasing risk of GERD. It is recommended to carry out a cohort study among Iranians to evaluate the effect of life style risk factors on GERD.

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