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Showing 5 results for Payami Bousari

Mitra Payami Bousaria , Hosein Ebrahimi, Gholam Ali Taghiloo, Heydar Ali Abedi, Fazlo Allah Ahmadi, Hosein Bagheri,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2011)

Introduction: Conflict among nurses has been identified as a significant issue within healthcare settings all around the world. Nurses confront with different types of interpersonal conflicts in their work. It's important to know causes and effects of conflicts in nursing units before deciding to manage them. Aim: describing the experiential aspects of nurses' inter group conflicts focused on causes and effects. Methods: Unstructured and in-depth interviews were conducted according to the grounded theory method. Data were transcribed, coded and categorized in order to generate conceptual categories using constant comparative method. Results: 310 codes extracted from 18 interviews resulted in a model describing the nature and causes of inter group conflicts within nursing: Extra and intra organizational elements with personal and environmental characteristics provide the instincts for creating the conditions which lead to inter group conflicts. Discussion: According to findings context and work place atmosphere must be consider before any try to manage inter group conflicts properly.

Mansor Ghafouri Fard, Mitra Payami Bousaria , Ali Reza Heyadari Some A ,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2012)

  Background and Aim: War is an unpleasant event imposes for peoples and that causes physical and psychological disorders. One of these complications is blindness. Whereas the blindness may affect the adjustment state of warfare veterans and also the psychological effects of blindness was not studied. So this study was performed to detect the adjustment status among warfare Veterans with one eye blindness in Zanjan city, 2011.

  Materials and Methods: This study is a crosssectional analytical descriptive study which 45 warfare veterans of zanjan city participated in the study according to census. Data was gathered using Bell Adjustment inventory . We used SPSS ver.16 and ANOVA test for statistical analysis.

  Results: 45 warfare veterans of zanjan city with mean age of 48 ± 7 years participated in the study. The results showed that 66/7% of samples had moderate home adjustment. Only 11/1% had good home adjustment. Regarding to the health adjustment, most portions of samples (66/7%) had fair adjustment. Pearson correlation showed a meaningful relation between health adjustment and age of veterans (p=0/041, r=-0/30). Pared t-test showed meaningful differences between means of home and health adjustment scores. There was a meaningful difference between social adjustment and age category (p=0/016). But there were no differences in the mean of home and health adjustment scores according to age, marriage status, education, exercise, income, percentage of veterans and reason of hurt ( p>0/05).

  Conclusion : In this study, a lot of veterans had not a good adjustment. So it is expected from authorities of our country to pay a lot of attention to the psychological status of veterans and holds the educational sessions about life skills and active participating in social fields to promote the physical and psychological health of veterans.

Nahid Daryaei, Mitra Payami Bousari , Noraldin Moosavi Nasab , Eskandar Nourizadeh,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (7-2012)

Background and Objectives: Chest tube removal is a prompt painful procedure. The pain is gradually relieved after removal of the tube. Cold application in combination with the Indomethacin suppository administration may increase the duration for analgesic need. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cold in combination with Indomethacin suppository on the duration for analgesic need after chest tube removal. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental single-blinded study was conducted on 66 patients aged 18-68 years with chest tube in pleural space. The patients were randomly allocated into two intervention and control groups. In both groups, 100mg Indomethacin suppository was administered one hour before chest tube removal. In the intervention group, a 4ºc cold pack was applied in the chest tube side for 20 minutes. In the control group, the applied pack was in room temperature. The severity of pain was evaluated using the visual analogue score 20 minutes before and 15 minutes after the chest tube removal. The duration for analgesic need after chest tube removal was recorded in both groups. Results: Despite reduction, there was no statistically significant difference between the mean score of pain before the chest tube removal and 15 minutes after the procedure (p>0.05). After chest tube removal, patients in the control group requested for analgesic earlier than the patients in the intervention group. Conclusion: The application of cold in combination with the Indomethacin suppository increased the duration for analgesic need after chest tube removal. The application of cold in combination with the Indomethacin suppository is recommended as a solution to reduce the need for analgesic after chest tube removal.

Parvin Mohebbi, Leiyla Rastegari, Elham Jafari, Mitra Payami Bousaria , Saeideh Mazloomzadeh,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2016)

Background and Objectives: Among significant factors that cause satisfaction of hospitalized patients are the care and respect within confines of the patient's rights shown by the health care providers. The present study was carried out to determine the level of respect offered by midwifery Staff at Ayatollah Mousavi Hospital, Zanjan.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 256 mothers who gave birth to children at Ayatollah Mousavi hospital, Zanjan, Iran. The subjects were selected randomly. Data was collected using a questionnaire which included demographic characteristics and human territory questions. The questionnaire was distributed two hours after delivery. Data was analyzed using SPSS software, Mann Whitney, Kruskal–Wallis, Spearman rank correlation.

Results: The results showed that mean score of attitude of mothers towards respect of human territory was 32.22±4.79, for the attitude of mothers was 13.35±2.51, and for physical and 18.89±3.25 for mental territory. Generally, majority of the mothers had good attitude toward the respect of physical (67.9%) and mental (77.4%) territory.

Conclusion: Mothers showed good compliance with human territory. Thus, it is recommended in-service training courses be held and barriers be removed for a better compliance with human territory in the health care system.

Alireza Heidari Someeh , Mitra Payami Bousari , Mahbobeh Malekmohamadi,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (3-2017)

Background: Social confidence is considered an important element in entrepreneurship.

Objectives: Given the importance of employment and entrepreneurship of veterans, the present research aimed to determine the status of social confidence in veteran entrepreneurs of Zanjan Province.

Methods: In this survey. the statistical sample included all veteran entrepreneurs of Zanjan Province with an entrepreneurship file in Zanjan Employment Department from November 2013 to January 2014. The required data were collected using a two part questionnaire including demographic charactristics and social confidence scale of Saffarnia. Social confidence scale of Saffarnia consists of 5 dimensions of trust-based behavior, cooperative tendencies, openness, honesty, and trust. Both questionnaires were filled out by the respondents in a self-reporting manner. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics in SPSS-19.

Results: The mean age of respondents was 38.7±8.5. The results showed that 95%, 65%, and 85% of respondents were male, had a high school diploma, and aged over 60, respectively. All respondents were living in urban areas, employed, and married. The mean score of total social confidence was 86.05±5.81 with a range of 74-99. Among the dimensions of social confidence, cooperative tendencies and honesty ranked first and last, respectively.

Conclusion: Although the findings of the present study showed that the level of social confidence in veteran entrepreneurs of Zanjan Province is above the average, it seems that the development of entrepreneurial activities among this group of society needs more attention of officials to the provision of necessary conditions to promote social confidence.

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