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Homa Sadeghi Aval Shahr, Sayeh Sadat Moosavi Sahebalzamani, Freshteh Jahdi, Leila Neisani Samani, Hamid haghani,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (9-2014)

Background and Objectives: Recent studies have shown that social and environmental factors as well as social communication play crucial role in pregnancy outcomes. The current study aimed to examine the relationship between perceived social support in pregnancy with birth satisfaction. Materials and Methods: This was a correlational-descriptive study in which 200 pregnant women referred to the Shahid Akbarabadi hospital were randomly selected. Data were collected using demographic characteristic, the Multidimensional scale of perceived social support and Machey questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the regression analysis in the SPSS-16. Results: There was statistically significant relationship between the family and partner perceived social support with birth satisfaction. Only the partner perceived social support could explain the variance of birth satisfaction among the participants (p<0/05). Data indicated that the mean score of the partner perceived social support (23/63±4/34) was higher than the family perceived social support (22/51±5/18) and friends perceived social support (16/56±6/16). The mean score of birth satisfaction was 68/16±10/22. Conclusion: There was significant association between family and partner perceived social support with the birth satisfaction. It highlighted the necessity of providing educational programs for spouses and families of pregnant women in order to support and alleviate their birth satisfaction.

Mahboobeh Shali, Soodabeh Joolaee, Abbas Hooshmand, Mansoureh Sepehrinia, Hamid haghani,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2016)

Background and Objectives: Delay in patient care is the most common error that threatens patient safety and increases mortality, and hospital costs. This study investigated the relationship between delay in patient care and nurses professional commitment.

Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive correlational study. Through a stratified sampling method, 300 nurses were selected from Tehran University of Medical Sciences teaching hospitals. Data were collected by a three-part questionnaire consisting of demographic data, the nurse's professional commitment scale, and delay in care questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 16 using descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation coefficient.

Results: The participants were between 22-50 years old and the majority of them were women (86.7%) and married (64%). The mean score for delay in patient care was 21.54 for each nurse in the past 3 months (high) and it was 86 for professional commitment and there was a significant weak and reverse relationship between delay in patient care, and nurses professional commitment (p<0/008, R=-0/15).

Conclusion: Patient care delay is a common error in health system regardless of individual factors such as professional commitment; other factors must also be identified and addressed. Strategies to report the errors and get help from other members of the care team contribute to reducing the complications of such errors.

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