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Showing 4 results for Mental Retardation

Soheyla Abbasi, Kolsom Fadakar Sogheh , Sodabe Mehdizadeh,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2012)

  Background and Objectives: Having a mentally retarded child has adverse effect on the structure and function of family and has physical, social and economic tension to family. The aim of this study was to investigate emotional conditions of families of mentally retarded children under protection of welfare centers.

  Material and Methods: In this survey, 140 parents of children who were suffered from mental retardation were recruited to the study. Data were gathered using a research-structured instrument via interviews with the participants. Data were analysis in the SPSS-14 using Chi-square test and the Fisher’s exact test.

  Results: The result of our study showed that 57.9% of the parents had emotional problems. The emotional problems were more serious in parents of children who were female, had mild mental retardation, were completely dependent to their family, and had behavioral problems. Moreover, in the families whose mothers were housewives, father had physical illness, the number of family members were more than four, and the monthly income of the family was less than 2000000 Rilas, the condition was more serious (p<0/05) Conclusion: It is recommended to pay more attention to families of mentally retarded children via providing coping techniques and counseling services as well as supporting financially.

Sayed Hossein Siadatian, Amir Gomrani, Mahmod Jalali, Zahra Kholghi,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2013)

Background and Objectives: Regarding the importance of pleasure in people`s psychological well-being and the quality of parents` care-taking behaviors, the present study compared the anhedonia among parents of children with or without mental retardation. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 52 parents were recruited to the study (27 parents of mentally-retarded children and 25 parents of healthy children) using the random-sampling method. Data were gathered using a questionnaire containing demographic characteristics and the Snaith–Hamilton`s Anhedonia items based on four factors and the 5-scale Likert. High score showed high capacity of pleasure. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed using the Cronbach's Alpha (0.86). Data were analyzed using the logistic regression, t-test, and descriptive statistics. Results: The results showed that parents of mentally-retarded children had lower scores in all factors of the anhedonia in compare with the parents of healthy children (p<0/001). Conclusion: Parents with mentally-retarded children experienced anhedonia. It seems necessary to codify pedagogical patterns and to increase social supports for parents

Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Zohreh Shahhosseini, Mina Malari, Mehdi Pourasghar, Jamshid Yazdani Charati, Malihe Amerian, Zahra Amirkhanzadeh Barandouzi,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (6-2018)

Background: Physiological and psychological impacts of pregnancy may relate to anxiety symptoms in nulliparous women. An effective communication between couples can have protective effects against anxiety in this period.
Objectives: The present study intended to assess the relationship between communication skills and the anxiety during pregnancy in nulliparous women.
Methods: This study adhered to a descriptive cross-sectional design. In this study, 100 nulliparous women of 18 to 40 years old were selected through a two-stage cluster sampling in Health Centers of Sari, Iran (2014-2015). We used the Spielberger's questionnaire to measure pregnancy anxiety and Queendom's questionnaire to assess couples' communication skills. Statistical-descriptive methods and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data.
Results: The mean age of the women participating in the study was 27.15±4.69. The results showed that there was a negative significant correlation between communication skills and state (r=-0.45, p<0.01) and trait anxiety (r=-0.51, p<0.01). However, there was no significant relationship between one of the subscales of communication skills (assertiveness) and state and trait anxiety.
Conclusion: This study indicated a negative correlation between communication skills and pregnancy anxiety. Strong communication skills could diminish pregnancy anxiety and eventually lead to higher psychological health.
Soudabeh Niroomand, Fatemeh Razavinia, Zeynab Bayat, Mahsa Jafari, Farahnaz Rostami, Samaneh Youseflu,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (6-2019)

Background: Pregnancy and delivery are considered as pleasant physiological phenomena. This period, however, sometimes leads to variable mood states in women and makes them more sensitive to psychological stimuli and problems.
Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the role of breastfeeding, type of delivery, contraceptive method, planned pregnancy, and history of infertility on the anxiety level of Iranian women who referred to health centers in Zanjan in the postpartum period.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 420 women who attended the health care centers in Zanjan city, Iran, during 2018-2019. A checklist including questions about demographic and reproductive information and Beck anxiety inventory were used as the data collection instruments. The data were analyzed using SPSS 21 software through regression analysis.
Results: This study found that the history of infertility (β=0.26, t=9.38, p<0.001), unplanned pregnancies (β=0.23, t=-7.00, p<0.001), exclusive breastfeeding (β=-0.47, t=-17.40, p<0.001), mothers’ education (β=-0.08, t=-2.89, p<0.001), DMPA (β=0.23, t=6.62, p<0.001), and withdrawal (β=0.17, t=4.59, p<0.001) contraception method were associated with anxiety level.
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate that factors such as breastfeeding, contraceptive methods, infertility history, unplanned pregnancy, and educational level influence women's anxiety level in postpartum period. Identifying and screening women with high levels of anxiety and providing proper counseling to these mothers can help improve their health, infants, families, and community

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