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Showing 21 results for Social Support

Hamid Reza Haririan, Ali Aghajanloo, Mansor Ghafouri Fard ,
Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2011)

  Background and Objectives: Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) influence patients’ lifestyles, health statuses, and role functions, and lead to physical and psychosocial problems. Social support is an important copping mechanism by which quality of life and health status of patients improve. The aim of this study was to determine informational and instrumental support in hemodialysis patients in hospitals of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, 2010.

  Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 84 patients with CRF who were referred to the hemodialysis centers of Zanjan were recruited to the study. The participants answered to the two sets of questionnaires: 1) demographic items 2) standard instrument of social support. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics in the SPSS-16 .

  Results: The study showed that 20.3% and 29.7% of participants had optimal informational and instrumental support, respectively .

  Conclusion: More than two third of the patients did not have optimal social support. Regarding positive relationships between social support, quality of life and survival rate in hemodialysis patient, it is suggested that health care policymakers and managers consider the instrumental and informational support in order to improve quality of life in hemodialysis patient.

Shahnaz Tork Zahrani , Leila Rastegari, Nahid Khoda Karami , Parvin Mohebbi,
Volume 1, Issue 2 (3-2012)

  Background and Objectives: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in developing countries. This disease and its treatment influence various aspects of quality of life. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between the quality of life and social support among cervical cancer survivors.

  Material and Methods: In this study 65 women treated for cervical cancer during 2001-2008 were recruited. Data were gathered using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire – Cervix 24, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire – core 30, Version 3, and the social support questionnaire. The instruments’ validity was assessed using content validity and the reliability was assessed via test-retest and Cronbach's alpha.

  Results: Results of our study showed that the quality of life scores for patients treated for cervical cancer was moderate (60/7 ± 98/46). The score of social support was moderate, too (91/20 ± 11/34). There were no relationships between the physical, psychological and social dimensions of quality of life with the social support. There were also no relationships between the mental and spiritual well-being with the quality of life (P> 0.05).

  Conclusion: The findings showed that the quality of life and social support scores were moderate among the participants of our study.

Arezoo Imani, Elham Imani,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2013)

Background and Objectives: Self-care training is an important issue among patients. The aim of this study was to assess the educational needs for self-care training among patients with coronary artery disease. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 200 patients were recruited from the Shahid Mohamadi hospital in Bandar Abbas in 2011. Data were collected using a 22-item questionnaire including demographic characteristics and needs assessment items (four dimensions) in a Likert-type scale. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed using the content validity and the Cronbach's alpha (0.81). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis and one-way ANOVA tests with 95% confidence coefficient. Results: The results showed that of 18% (36) of patients were the least. The educational needs were moderate in 44% (88) of patients and high in 38% (76) of the patients. The most educational items in the dimensions of cardiac disease, activity and rest, cardiovascular drugs and diet were the symptoms of cardiac disease 82% (164), exercising program 90% (180), medications 76% (152) and limitation of food supply 76% (152), respectively. There was a significant relationship between the educational needs and the literacy levels (P=0.04). Conclusion: The findings showed that most of the patients had moderate to high educational needs about the cardiac diseases and its conditions. It is necessity to provide educational programs based on the need assessments, especially in patients with low literacy.

Sayed Hossein Siadatian, Amir Gomrani, Mahmod Jalali, Zahra Kholghi,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9-2013)

Background and Objectives: Regarding the importance of pleasure in people`s psychological well-being and the quality of parents` care-taking behaviors, the present study compared the anhedonia among parents of children with or without mental retardation. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 52 parents were recruited to the study (27 parents of mentally-retarded children and 25 parents of healthy children) using the random-sampling method. Data were gathered using a questionnaire containing demographic characteristics and the Snaith–Hamilton`s Anhedonia items based on four factors and the 5-scale Likert. High score showed high capacity of pleasure. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed using the Cronbach's Alpha (0.86). Data were analyzed using the logistic regression, t-test, and descriptive statistics. Results: The results showed that parents of mentally-retarded children had lower scores in all factors of the anhedonia in compare with the parents of healthy children (p<0/001). Conclusion: Parents with mentally-retarded children experienced anhedonia. It seems necessary to codify pedagogical patterns and to increase social supports for parents

Abdulaziz Aflakseir, Somaieh Jamali,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (2-2014)

Background and Objectives: Mother-child bonding is vital for psychological development of children. Previous studies have shown that mothers' mental health can impact mother-child bonding. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between postpartum depression with mother-child bonding in a group of mothers in Shiraz. Materials and Methods: In this correlational study, 140 mothers referred to health centers to check their children's health status were recruited using convenience sampling method. Participants completed the questionnaires including the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (BPQ) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EDPS). The statistical indexes including means, standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient and logistic regression analysis were measured to analyses the data using the SPSS. Results: Findings showed that about 25% of mothers experienced symptoms of postpartum depression and 23% had mother-child bonding disorder. The results also indicated that mothers with symptoms of postpartum depression were more likely to have mother-child bonding problems. The findings also showed that postpartum depression predicted mother-child bonding problems significantly. Conclusion: The study showed that mothers with more symptoms of postpartum depression were more likely to have bonding impairment with their children.

Maryam Mahmoudi, Tahereh Dehdari, Davood Shojaeezadeh, Ladan Abbasian, Seeyd Saleheh Mortazavi,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (2-2014)

Background and Objectives: Patients with HIV/AIDS have different experiences regarding coping with stress. Understanding these experiences is essential to design tailored interventions. The aim of this study was to explore experiences of patients with HIV on coping with stress strategies. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative content analysis study, 26 participants with HIV were selected using purposive sampling from counseling of behavioral diseases center, Imam Khomeini hospital in Tehran in 2012. In-depth semi-structured interviews were used to collect data during nine months. The transcripts were analyzed using the Diekelmann’s method. Results: The participants were aged 20 to 73 years. Analyzing the data emerged two themes including emotional–based coping strategy with two sub-themes including adaptive and maladaptive coping strategy and the problem–based coping strategy with three sub-themes including seeking education and counseling, medication adherence and healthy life style. Conclusion: Clarification and explanation of coping with stress strategies can be used to design and implement effective intervention for reducing stress in patients with HIV/AIDS.

Ms Narges Moradi, Ms Farahnaz Addollahzadeh, Dr Azad Rahmani, Dr Vahid Zamanzadeh, Dr Iraj Asvadi, Mr Karim Ghaleban,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (2-2014)

Background and Objectives: Patients with breast cancer have many pshychological needs. The spouses are main resources for meeting the psychological needs of the patients. The aim of present study was to assess the effects of psychoeducation to spouses on psychological needs of women with breast cancer. Materials and Methods: In this randomised clinical trial, 94 couples were recruited to the study from Tabriz support group for breast cancer patients. The couples were randomly allocated to experimental (47 couples) and control (47 couples) groups. After the baseline measurements, three educational sessions were held for men on psychological needs of their spouses with breast cancer in the experimental group. One month later, all women were asked to complete the 22-items psychological subscale of the Supportive Care Needs Survey instrument. The validity and reliability of the instrument was assessed using content validity, and test-retest reliability. Data were analyzed using paired and independent samples t tests. Results: Data from 27 women in the experimental group and 28 women in the control group were collected. The mean of scale in the experimental group was significantly more than control group (p=0.010). Conclusion: Although the psychological needs of patients with breast cancer were decreased via the intervention in our study, further studies are recommended.

Homa Sadeghi Aval Shahr, Sayeh Sadat Moosavi Sahebalzamani, Freshteh Jahdi, Leila Neisani Samani, Hamid Haghani,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (9-2014)

Background and Objectives: Recent studies have shown that social and environmental factors as well as social communication play crucial role in pregnancy outcomes. The current study aimed to examine the relationship between perceived social support in pregnancy with birth satisfaction. Materials and Methods: This was a correlational-descriptive study in which 200 pregnant women referred to the Shahid Akbarabadi hospital were randomly selected. Data were collected using demographic characteristic, the Multidimensional scale of perceived social support and Machey questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the regression analysis in the SPSS-16. Results: There was statistically significant relationship between the family and partner perceived social support with birth satisfaction. Only the partner perceived social support could explain the variance of birth satisfaction among the participants (p<0/05). Data indicated that the mean score of the partner perceived social support (23/63±4/34) was higher than the family perceived social support (22/51±5/18) and friends perceived social support (16/56±6/16). The mean score of birth satisfaction was 68/16±10/22. Conclusion: There was significant association between family and partner perceived social support with the birth satisfaction. It highlighted the necessity of providing educational programs for spouses and families of pregnant women in order to support and alleviate their birth satisfaction.

Cheman Kahrizeh, Saeddah Bazzazian, Mohammad Ghmari,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (9-2014)

Background and Objectives: Subjective well-being is one of the most important indicators of mental health status. Assessing individual needs, and social factors influencing subjective well-being among nurses are essential due to the importance and risks of their jobs. The present study aimed to determine the relationship between psychological hardiness and family function with subjective well- being in nurses. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was conducted in 2013. The sample comprised 80 randomly selected nurses. Data were collected using the Family Assessment Devise (FAD), Subjective Well- being questionnaires (SWB) and personal View Scale Kobasa (PVS). Data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression analysis in the SPSS-16. Results: Results revealed that subjective well-being was positively correlated with psychological hardiness )r=0/330 P<0/01 (and family function )r=0/406 p<0/01). Regression analysis was used to predict the subjective well-being of dimensions of family functioning and hardiness. The results showed that 21% of the control and 16% of the overall performance could explain variation of subjective well-being. Conclusion: The subjective well-being of nurses may be enhanced by improving their family function and hardiness via educational and counseling programs.

Safoura Yadollahi, Tahere Ashktorab, Farid Zayeri, Zahra Safavibayat,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2015)

Background and Objectives: Epilepsy is a chronic condition results in seizure and leads to debilitating conditions in patients. Epilepsy self-management behaviors include activities to manage the disease. The aim of this study was to assess self-management behaviors and its correlation with seizure frequency in patients with epilepsy. Materials and Methods: In this correlation study, 120 patients with epilepsy were selected from Iran Epilepsy Association using convenience sampling method. Data were collected using a demographic checklist, Dilorio´s epilepsy self-management behaviors scale and a checklist to record the number of seizures. Data were analyzed in the SPSS-16 using the correlation coefficient. Results: The mean score of the self-management behaviors was 118.05±21.54. The highest score was in the area of seizure management (79.9) and the lowest score was in the area of drug management (57.56). There was a significant relationship between the epilepsy self-management behaviors and the frequency of seizures in patients with epilepsy (r=-0.3 P<0.001). Conclusion: The frequency of self-management behaviors was moderate. In patients with higher self-management behaviors score, seizures frequency was found to be lower.

Ali Mohammadi, Koorosh Kamali,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (9-2015)

Background and Objectives: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), responsiveness is the ability of health systems to meet the legitimate expectations of populations for non-clinical enhancing aspects of health system. Assessment of responsiveness can help to manage resource allocation and improve strategies. The aim of this study was to assess the responsiveness in outpatient clinics of Zanjan. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Zanjan hospitals’ outpatient clinics during 2013-2014. A total of 240 patients were selected systematically. The WHO’s responsiveness questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analyzed using the descriptive and analytical statistics such as mean, frequency, percent, and the Student t -test and one way ANOVA in the SPSS 11.5. Results: The majority of the respondents (over 73%) rated all aspects of the responsiveness as important. Half of the participants (50.6%) rated overall responsiveness as good. The best performance of responsiveness was related to confidentiality (76.3%) and dignity (63.8%) domains. The dignity was rated as the most important domain from outpatients' point of view. There was a statistically significant difference between the male and female patients regarding mean score of dignity. Conclusion: The finding of this study showed that there were gaps between the responsiveness performances and importance of all domains of the responsiveness. Achieving desirable status of responsiveness is essential.
Mr Ali Aghajanloo, Mr Mansur Ghaforifard, Mr Hamidreza Haririan, Mrs Parin Shiri,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (2-2016)

Background and Objectives: Patients undergoing hemodialysis are exposed to stress and pain due to approximately 300 punctures per year they receive for their arteriovenous fistula. Alleviation of the pain can improve acceptance of the procedure and quality of life among the patients. This study aimed to assess the effect of cryotherapy on arteriovenous fistula puncture pain among patients udergoing hemodialysis.

Materials and Methods: In this clincal trial, a convenience sample of 40 patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to the experiment and control groups. Pain was measured using the visual analogue pain scale at baseline and after the cryotherapy in Hugo Point in experimentd group and control groups. Data were analyzed using the descriptive (frequency, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics(independent t-test, paired t-test, Chi-squared, Pearson's test) in the SPSS.

Results: At baseline, mean of the pain scores were 5.9±0.96 and 5.5±0.82 among the experiment and control groups, respectively. After the intervention, mean of the pain scores were 3.2±0.82 in the cryotherapy group and 5.1±1.25 in the control group (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Application of cryotherapy as a safe method with low side effects is suggested for pain control among patients with hemodialysis.

Hossien Izadirad, Shamsoddin Niknami, Iraj Zareban, Alireza Hidarnia,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (6-2017)

Background: Pregnant women need information, skills and social support for the effectiveness of pregnancy care. Health education patterns play a major role in educational needs assessment in designing and implementing educational interventions.
Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the pregnancy care behaviors, based on the health belief and social support model among pregnant women.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 with the participation of 215 pregnant women under the control of faculty of Iranshahr Medical Sciences who were selected by multi-stage sampling method. The data were collected through a questionnaire based on the structures of the health belief and social support model, knowledge, behavior and demographic information. Data were analyzed by descriptive, Pearson correlation and multivariate regression tests in SPSS ver19 software.
Results: The highest rate of education among pregnant women (35.8%) was high school. The mean score of mothers' performance was 12.31 out of 22, and among the structures the perceived sensitivity score was the strongest, and the social support score was the weakest. Based on regression analysis, self-efficacy, perceived benefits, and social support were predictive behaviors which generally predict 27.5% of behavioral changes.
Conclusion: Based on the results, the structures of self-efficacy, perceived benefits and social support should be considered as the most important predictor of pregnancy care behaviors in designing educational interventions.

Mohsen Rezaiee Ahvanuiee , Ali Mohammad Nazari, Mohsen Rasoli,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (6-2017)

Background: Work-family conflict is one of the components which have been paid attention in the present era due to changes and evolutions taken place in the field of work nature.

Objectives: The present research was conducted by the aim of investigating the effect of relationship enhancement on solving work-family conflict.

Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study with pretest post-test design with a control group. 30 married staff working in municipality of Karaj city were selected by simple random sampling method, and were allocated randomly into intervention and control groups (n=15). Data was gathered through Rastegar khaled 17 item family-work conflict questionnaires. For the intervention group, relationship enhancement program was held through 7 educational sessions per week. Control group did not receive any formal educational training until the end of the research process. The research data were analyzed through univariate analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) in SPSS 20.

Results: The results indicated that there is a significant difference between intervention and control groups in the family-work conflict variable. In other words, relationship Enhancement program has led to solving family-work conflict among the intervention group subjects in the posttest stage.

Conclusion: It is suggested that counselors use this educational program in different occupational organizations and institutions for the purpose of reducing work family conflicts and improving relationships.

Zahra Masoumi, Shahin Tohidi, Farkhondeh Jamshidi, Maryam Farhadiyan, Sedigheh Forouhari, Arezoo Shayan,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (6-2017)

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer that endangers the women's mental health.
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of stress management consulting on coping strategies in women with breast cancer.
Methods: This is a quasi-experimental, with pre- and post-test design and follows up with control and intervention groups. 104 women with breast cancer referring to MRI Center of Mahdieh in Hamadan-Iran in 2015 were divided randomly into two groups that the number of each group using permutation blocks was 52. The intervention group received the stress management counseling sessions through. Data collection tools were demographic questionnaire and general health questionnaire and the questionnaire of coping strategies of Lazarus & Folkman. For data analysis, the descriptive statistics and repeated measures analysis were used.
Results: The results of this study showed that the intervention can improve the general health and its sub-scales in intervention group. After intervention, a significant difference in average scores of the general health in two groups was observed (P<0.000). Also, there was a remarkable difference in average scores of the coping strategies in two groups before and after intervention (P<0.000), the problem-focused coping strategies in intervention group through post-test and follow up steps increased but the emotion-focused coping strategies in intervention group decreased.
Conclusion: The cognitive-behavioral group therapy of stress management can improve general health and increase coping strategies in patients with breast cancer, so this method can be used in oncology centers as the complementary therapy alongside the medical treatments.

Najmeh Pourkhaleghi, Ghasem Askarizadeh, Masoud Fazilat-Pour,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (10-2017)

Background: The Postpartum depression has a negative effect on the infant’s developmental and behavioral performance, mother-child relationship and mother‘s health, and its etiology is also very complicated.
Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the role of maternal emotional cognitive strategies and newborn gender preference in the postpartum depression in primiparous women.
Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was performed on 205 primiparous women referring to health centers in Kerman city the center of Kerman province of Iran from 1April to 31 June 2015. Primiparous women according to presence (n=103) or absence (n=102) of postpartum depression (PPD< 12: without depression) were selected using purposeful sampling. The measurement tools included the demographic questionnaire, Edinburgh postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ). The data were analyzed using SPSS software and the logistic regression method.
Results: The results showed positive cognitive strategies including acceptance, positive re-focus and re-focus on planning have a negative relationship with the postpartum depression (P<0.001). Also, the strategies of self-blame, catastrophizing, rumination and blame for others have a positive relationship with the postpartum depression (P<0.001). There was no significant relationship between dissatisfaction with newborn gender and postpartum depression (P>0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, postpartum depression can be predicted by emotional regulation cognitive strategies.

Mohammad Reza Babayi, Ghasem Askarizadeh, Afsaneh Tohidi,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (10-2017)

Background: Thalassemia is one of the most common genetic diseases in Iran with different physical and  psychosocial consequences which affect these patients  quality of life .
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resilience training and stress management on the quality of life in patients with thalassemia major in Kerman-Iran.
Methods: In this quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test design and a control group, 30 patients referred to Samen-al-Hojaj (AS) charity group, were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups (each of 15 patients). After completing the pre-test, the experimental group received 10 sessions of training and stress management. Control group received no intervention. The data collection tool was the questionnaire of quality of life (SF-36). Data were analyzed by SPSS software using the covariance analysis.
Results: The results of the covariance analysis in the studied variables indicate that the effect of the group (experimental intervention) on the post-test of physical function, general health, the role limitation for physical and emotional health were significant and respectively were (P=0.005 and F=11.22), (P=0.001 and F=16/02) and (P=0.049, F=4.3). However, the effect of the group on the post-test of role limitation for emotional reasons, physical pain, social function, and fatigue or vitality were not significant and respectively were (P=0.20 and F=1.741), (P=0.774 and F=0.085), (P=0.674 and F=0.183 ) and (P=0.288 and F=1.203).
Conclusion: According to the results, based on the effectiveness of stress relief and management on some components of the quality of life in patients with thalassemia major, this study can be used to reach an effective solution to improve the quality of life and generally improve the mental status of patients.

Hengameh Goudarzi, Leili Salehi,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (10-2017)

Background: As world's population is growing, quality of life (QOL) and related factors such as self-care keep gaining mounting attention as they may affect the lives of the elderly significantly. The majority of the elderly people suffer from at least one chronic illness which plays an important role in elderly QOL.
Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate self-care and related factors to QOL among elderly clients with and without chronic disease who are protected by healthcare centers in Karaj, Iran
Methods: In this cross-sectional study 400 elderly people were selected. A randomized multistage sampling method has been used. The data were collected using a standardized QOL and the Self-Care Assessment questionnaires. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the relationship between QOL and self-care factors.  Additionally, Linear regression was run to identify the association between QOL domains and the independent variables through SPSS (p<0.05).
Results: The average age of the participants was 69.25±6.31. The majority of the participants were married and 48.5% were illiterate. The results related to the average dimensions of QOL were found to be as follows: physical health: 12.98±4.36; psychological health: 12.81±3.86; social relationship: 14.81±25.25; environment: 12.83±3.0; and total QOL: 19.33±4.63. The results also revealed that QOL decreased significantly among the surveyed elderly, while it increased in the case of married and educated without chronic diseases.  Finally, there was a significant positive relationship between all dimensions of SC (except for professional dimension) and dimensions of QOL (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Chronic disease, physical SC, and emotional SC can act as significant predictors of QOL among the elderly. 

Sanaz Fayazi, Fatemeh Ghasemi, Maedeh Ghobadian, Saeideh Zenoozian, Roghieh Kharaghani,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (10-2017)

Background: Pregnancy is associated with many emotional, physical, and social changes in women’s lives which may have an effect on the outcomes of pregnancy, so identifying moderating factors such as social support may have a preventing role on unintended outcomes of pregnancy.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between social support with anxiety, depression, and stress in pregnant women.
Methods: In this correlational study 249 pregnant women attending to health care centers in Zanjan-Iran, during 2015-2016 were selected using a multi-stage sampling method. Data was collected using three questionnaires including demographic characteristics, Wax social support (social support ftom family, friends, and others) and DASS-21 scale. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with SPSS software version 16.
Results: The average age of the participants were 27.57±5.56 years. The average of total perceived social support of pregnant women was 77.42±10.66, among which the most perceived social support was from the family (29.04%). Data analyses revealed weak negative and significant relationship between total social support and depression (r=-0.17) and stress (-0.13), as well as between social support from others and depression (r=-0.14) in pregnant women (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Although, in this study pregnant women received the most social support from the family, only a weak relationship was found between the total score of social support and social support by others with depression and stress. Therefore, it is recommended that more research be done on the type of social support of Azari pregnant women. 
Nastaran Mansoreyeh, Hamid Poursharifi, Mohammadreza Taban Sadeghi, Mohammadreza Seirafi,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (11-2017)

Background: As a chronic disease, heart failure (HF) is a growing problem that not only impacts patients but also their family members and friends. Self-care is the main part of HF treatment. Despite the significance of determining variables involved in self-care, the relationships of self-efficacy, illness perception, and social support with self-care and the predictive roles of these variables in the treatment of HF have not been investigated.
Objectives: The present study was aimed at exploring the predictive roles of self-efficacy, illness perception, and social support in self-care of patients with heart failure.
Methods: In this predictive correlation study, 149 patients with HF were selected through convenience sampling from Tabriz Research Treatment Centre of Heart in 2016. To collect data, a demographic information questionnaire, self-care behaviour scale, general self-efficacy (GSE), brief illness perception questionnaire (Brief-IPQ), and social support scale were used. To analyse data, SPSS software version 16, descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple stepwise regression analyses were employed.
Results: Out of 149 subjects, 102 (68%) participants were male, and 47 (32%) of them were female. The mean and standard deviation of samples’ age were (64.40±10.32) ranging from 37 to 88 years. Most of participants were married (82%). The mean scores were as follows: Self-care (40.66±13.16), self-efficacy (45.81±22.03), illness perception (56.05±18.24), and social support (49.09±6.74). Data analysis demonstrated significant correlations between illness perception and self-care (p<0.001, r=0.649), self-efficacy and self-care (p<0.001, r=-0.678), social support and self-care (p<0.001, r=-0.518), and age and self-care (p<0.001, r=-0.506). The standardized coefficient of illness perception was (β=0.274), social support was (β=-0.237), self-efficacy was (β=-0.230), and age was (β=-0.211). In addition, 56% of self-care variance is explained by age, social support, self-efficacy, and illness perception.
Conclusion: All of the investigated variables were found to have a predictive role in self-care. Illness perception was recognized as the most effective factor in predicting self-care. Hence, illness perception can be used to explain 27% of self-care ability of patients with HF.

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